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The Literal Idiomatic Translation of the New Testament

The Literal Idiomatic Translation Glossary

About How The LIT Was Produced


John 1:1 - Why Ignore The Nominative Case?

True Salvation

Modern "Christianity" - The Selling Of God's Word

Why We, Sons Of God And Disciples Of Christ Jesus, Are To Keep Ourselves Holy

"Christianity's" Big Ugly Secret

God's Desired True "Tent", His "Domed-Roof House"!

The Trinitarian Influence On Bible Translations

2 Pet. 1:20-21 - Private Interpretation?

We Are Commanded To Think For Ourselves

Agency And Jesus Christ, The Father's Agent

Jesus Christ was An Icon!

The "Cross" That Jesus Christ "Lifted" And "Carried"

"Eat" my "flesh", "drink" my "blood"...

Jesus' Genealogy

Titus 2:13, Does It really Say That Jesus Is The God?

How To Receive Answers To Prayers

Why Choose A Homosexual Lifestyle?

Belief And Discipleship - How To Be A Disciple Of Christ Jesus

Angel Or Messenger?

The Gifts Of God

Communion - Our Daily "Bread"

Is Salvation Wholeness?

We Wrestle Not Against Flesh And Blood

Denominationalism Is Not Approved In The Holy Scriptures

Luke 15 - Parable Of The Lost Things

Jesus Christ And His Oxygen Bottle?

Genesis 1-2, The Original Creation Or The Re-creation Of It?

Prophecy: Earthquake Frequency

Southlawn Lessons - Judges 4 And Jeremiah 23

Bible Publishers - Of The Most Popular Bibles

The Birth Of Americanism And Thanksgiving

The "Federal" Reserve Is Not A Part Of The Federal Government Of The US

Invest In CDs And Lose?


Home of the Literal Idiomatic Translation (LIT) of the

New Testament of the Bible


Last LIT update: 2018.08.17

Last LITG (Glossary) update: 2018.04.17  

Last LITAGL (Analytical Greek Lexicon) update: 2018.08.17

Last update to this page: 2017.03.13






My name is Hal Dekker.  I'm the translator of the Literal Idiomatic Translation (LIT), which is based upon the United Bible Societies v4 (UBS4) Eclectic Greek Text of the new covenant texts of the Bible, the books of Matthew through Revelation.  The UBS4 collection of texts is one of the most widely used in colleges, universities and seminaries.  What I present at this website is the LIT and my studies of the UBS4. 


What the LIT is not is a collection of my opinionated paraphrases of how I desire for various Greek words to be translated.  But the LIT is first and foremost a concordant translation. On virtually all occasions when the majority of biblical scholars agree on the lexical meaning of any Greek word, that's the meaning I go with to render the correct English equivalent word or words into an English translation.  If you may wish to understand the kind of translation produced by this foundational parameter, I would classify the LIT as a quote translation.  Subsequently, and more importantly honestly, there are no paraphrases, none whatsoever, to be found in the LIT. 


This is what's so unique about the LIT.  It simply quotes Jesus' apostles, who are believed to have written the new covenant texts of the Bible.  What they wrote in Greek, with God's holy Spirit working in and through them, is so clear that it needs no paraphrasing whatsoever. And that is to concede that any ancient Greek text is highly likely not to need any paraphrasing, if a translator pays attention to the abundance of ellipses, along with the common use of zero copula.


If you may have assumed that most all Bible translations are predominantly quotes of what Jesus' apostles wrote then you may be surprised to learn that they are not, and never have been.  Virtually all English Bibles are based upon a Dynamic Equivalence translation process, in which process the Greek texts are examined, and then the phrases, clauses and sentences are paraphrased into saying something like what the biblical writer supposedly meant.  In this way those who pay to have Bibles published can control a readers theological perceptions instead of allowing a reader to simply read what an apostle wrote, and then decide for him or herself what it may mean.  If you've read Jason David BeDuhn's "Truth In Translation" then you have seen many examples of the underlying theological biases translated into most all popular Bible translations.  What the LIT effectively does is separate mortal-made theological biases from appearing in a Bible translation, while insuring that exactly what the apostles wrote, verbatim, word for word, is set before a reader's eyes, with no additions, changes, or deletions to the texts.


To accomplish this the LIT was produced using a different, much more strict, translation methodology called Formal Equivalence (FE).  This methodology pays very close attention to not only the Greek text (UBS4), but to the morphological forms of each and every Greek word, which is about 185,000 uniquely inflected forms.  Formal Equivalence pays very close attention to preserving the exact combination of a word's type, mood, tense, voice, case, gender, person, and number.  This is exactly why there are no paraphrases in the LIT; the rigorous Formal Equivalency translation methodology makes it impossible for a paraphrase to be produced, even accidentally.  The elimination of paraphrasing guarantees the best outcome towards truth in translation.  But just as important, the LIT preserves the apostles assumption that any given reader, especially one having God's Spirit working within him or her, already has an adequate ability to understand what they wrote, the way they wrote it, without it needing to be paraphrased to egomaniacally accommodate an assumed dumbed-down readership. 


Generally speaking, virtually all Bible translations are constant theological paraphrases of what someone, or a group of people, i.e., theological scholars and experts, think the ancient writers could have or should have meant.  The supposed legitimate causes for which common rampant paraphrasing is based are the extra-biblical mortal-made theological inventions which have been created over the last two thousand years.  But the theological theory invented in the fourth century which was most favored by the Roman Emperor god-man Constantine.  Under Constantine's rule the Judean ethnic group at last received relief from very cruel ethnic persecution and death.  In essence, this is what made Constantine the real first Roman Catholic Pope of the Roman Catholic Church.  All of the theological hoopla that has come out of the triune godhead invention over the last eighteen hundred years has no business being injected into a Bible translation to replace words, phrases, clauses and sentences written by the apostles, because what the apostles wrote more or less disagrees with most of it.


 The subsequent adoption of this triune godhead theory in the fourth century by Constantine, in A. D. 325 at the council of Nice, and then again with a stronger push for its exclusivity by Theodosius in A. D. 380-381, at bloody spear point, forced the triune godhead theory to be worshipped by everyone in the Roman empire, with the possible consequences for disobedience being ostracism, exile, torture and death.  In the fourth century Constantine's false multi-headed god "Christianity" replaced the Truth which Jesus Christ and his apostles preached and taught.  What we have now is a close counterfeit of the true Christianity which Christ Jesus successfully and completely delivered to the world in the early first century.  Jesus Christ's orthodoxy certainly wasn't in error, nor did it need to be "fixed" by Constantine in the fourth century.  Exactly what Christ Jesus and his apostles preached and taught needs no revisions, but only needs to be preserved and believed.


If Constantine did become a follower of Christ Jesus and repented to the God for his sins, then why did Constantine and his armies continue on the rape, pillaging and murdering men, women and children for years after he supposedly saw a cross in the sky, and under which symbol he superstitiously.  Constantine interpreted his supposed vision as approval from the God to continue to rape, murder, and pillage, and that he would be even more successful at it in the years going forward.  I can see for myself, from reading church history for myself, that Constantine's and everything to do with his founding of the Roman Catholic Church and what that whole religious hoopla did under his authority is quite the opposite from the beliefs and behaviors Jesus and his apostles taught would be the signs demonstrated by a true repentant believer and follower of Christ Jesus.


I don't believe Constantine and his treacherous false bishops and sees, and Theodosius and his, were working for the one true God and His son Christ Jesus, since Jesus, and his apostles, didn't rape, pillage and murder people who didn't believe his orthodoxy.  But those who did believe, they healed them! 


Jesus and his apostles preached and taught people to love one another, and to give of their plurality to others who were lame, blind, sick and weak, one's who couldn't work to acquire things for their own needs.  The historical records show that Constantine literally taxed (stole) almost everyone into poverty, to build Constantinople.


The best way I can see for myself what a Bible translation would say if the triune godhead theory would never have been invented, to see what Jesus and his apostles may have said and written without triune godhead theory dishonestly paraphrased into a Bible translations, was to make a translation for myself which simply quotes the biblical writers, verbatim, adding nothing, changing nothing, and deleting nothing from boldly appearing from the Greek texts into English. This is the impetus behind the creation of the LIT, which I began about twenty eight years ago.


To what extent can a Bible have mortal-made theological theories fudged into it in place of quoting Jesus' apostles, and the Bible still be holy?  Is replacing what the apostles wrote with mortal-made theological theories the same as lying?  Is translating the exact meaning from Greek into English, word for word, an impossible task to perform?  I ask you to think for a moment about what may be the answers to these questions, which answers must be answered if our perception of a Holy Bible is to be maintained. 


What do you want in a Bible, quoted scriptural facts from Christ Jesus and his apostles, or fudged-in theological fiction invented over the last eighteen hundred years?  The fact that Bibles are full of mortal-made theological additions, changes, and deletions designed to alter and replace what Jesus' apostles wrote, should be a shocking revelation to anyone.  If over all of the years you've been attending bible study classes and sermons, you've never heard of these things, then you may ask yourself if you're being steered away from the knowledge of church history, and herded into a "truth" others desire you to believe (Mat. 7:13-20).


Another fact which is shocking to me, is that by the end of the first century of the Christian ekklesia, which began on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2) in about 30 A.D., scholars believe the followers of Jesus knew of, and were exposed to, at least a couple hundred writings, or more, which many were believed to be spiritually-based and holy.  Many of them dealt more directly and intensely with various Christian subject matters, such as the character of the God; what is the identity of Christ Jesus; what is the true prophesied temple of the God; what is true fellowship with the God, who is a Spirit-based being; exactly what and where is the Kingdom of God (Luke 17:20-21); how can a believer in Christ Jesus receive God's gift of His paternal holy Spirit, and then manifest it in his or her own life to defeat Satan and his little demon spirits; what is spiritual perfection, and so on. 


As you may know, a common Bible contains sixty six books written in ancient history by various writers, prophets and apostles.  What happened to the other perhaps one hundred to two hundred Christian-based writings which were considered holy, from which the first century believers were learning and being taught? Who is the giant self-omniscient egomaniac who decided for me that I can't read all of those other texts, but only these sixty six books are "approved" for reading?  "Approved"  by who?  Why do I need other's "approval"? They didn't ask me for my approval, before they burned and destroy all of the other documents before I had a chance to read them. They self-omnisciently and egomaniacally ignored my desire / right to read them.  I consider that devilish. 


It's now known that the apostles wrote many more letters to the believers than those which have been "accepted", on account of so many manuscripts which have been unearthed and found over the last sixteen hundred years.  Who was responsible for causing them to be hidden, and the destruction and loss of an unknown number of other ancient biblical manuscripts? If the name Constantine means little to you it's because the leadership of denominational Christianity continues to eagerly hide the history of the church surrounding that name, about the Counsel of Nice in A.D. 325, and about the battle for Christian orthodoxy which occurred in the 4th century between Arius and Athanasius. 


The LIT presents a Truth in translation challenge to virtually all other English Bible translations, which are mostly paraphrased private interpretations of other's theological theories.  What would you rather do:  Read for yourself what the apostles of Jesus Christ actually wrote, and then decide for yourself what they meant, allowing God's Spirit to work in and through you, or, read the privately interpreted paraphrases of others who have decided for themselves what the apostles meant, or should have meant.  Would you rather read the paraphrases of ones who want to tell you what to believe, because they've already determined that you are too ignorant or "challenged" to be able to read and understand for yourself what the apostles wrote and meant? 


Lastly, I don't sell God's Word to people through Bibles, to make money off of the things of God, especially His Word.  The LIT, which is simply a non-paraphrased quote of what the apostles of Jesus Christ wrote, will always be free, right here at this website, for anyone who desires to see what the apostles wrote, and how they wrote God's Word.  I believe that what and how the apostles wrote God's Word, exactly what they wrote and meant, under inspiration of God's Spirit working in and through them, deserves to be witnessed by everyone for themselves, no charge! 



Brother Hal Dekker