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Chapter 1


1:1 A revelation (apokalupsis) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), which (hēn) the (ho) God (theos) gave (edōken) to him (autō) to thoroughly show (deixai) to the (tois) slaves (doulois) of him (autou) things which (ha) [are] necessary (die) to cause themselves to come to pass (genesthai) in (en) acceleration (tachei)


And (kai) it was signified (esēmanen), he having sent (aposteilas) [it] through (dia) the (tou) messenger (angelou) of him (autou), to the (tō) slave (doulō) of him (autou), John (Iōannē);


(For all of the things the Word caused itself to do and become see note under Luke 24:19.)


1:2 who (hos) witnessed (emarturēsen) the (ton) Word (logon) of the (tou) God (theou), and (kai) the (tēn) witness (marturian) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), whatever things (hosa) he saw (eiden).


1:3 A happy one (makarios) [is] the one (ho) reading up (anaginōskōn), and (kai) the ones (hoi) hearing (akouontes) the (tous) Words (logous) of the (tēs) prophecy (prophēteias), and (kai) watching (tērountes) the (ta) [Words] having been written (gegrammena) in (en) her (autē), because (gar) the (ho) time (kairos) [is] near (engus).


1:4 John (Iōannēs), to the (tais) seven (hepta) churches (ekklēsiais), to the ones (tais) in (en) the (tē) Asia (asia);


grace (charis) to you (humin), and (kai) peace (eirēnē) from (apo) the one (ho) being (ōn) [all powerful], and (kai) the one (ho) [who] was being (ēn) [all powerful], and (kai) the one (ho) causing Himself to come (erchomenos);


and (kai) from (apo) the (tōn) seven (hepta) spirits (pneumatōn) which (ha) [are] in sight (enōpion) of the (tou) throne (thronon) of Him (autou);


1:5 and (kai) from (apo) Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), the (ho) witness (martus), the (ho) believable one (pistos), the (ho) first-born one (prōtotokos) of the (tōn) dead ones (nekrōn), and (kai) the (ho) chief one758 (archōn) of the (tōn) kings (basilēon) of the (tēs) land (gēs);


the one (tō) loving (agapōnti) us (hēmas), and (kai) having let us loose (lusanti hēmas) out (ek) of the (tōn) sins (hamartiōn) of us (hēmōn) in (en) the (tō) blood (haimati) of him (autou).


(For what is the scriptural definition of the meaning of, “being baptized in the name of…”, compare Mat. 28:19; John 5:37-43, 10:25, 13:6-15; Acts 4:7, 9:17-18, 22:16; Rom. 1:1-6; Eph. 5:26; Titus 3:5; Rev. 1:5)


1:6 And (kai) he made (epoiēsen) of us (hēmas) a kingdom (basileian) of sacrificial priests (hiereis) to the (tō) God (theō) and (kai) Father (patri) of him (autou)!


(For the one making kings, see Rom. 5:17; 1 Cor. 4:8; 1 Tim. 6:15; Rev. 1:6a, 5:10; 17:14; 22:5)


To Him (autō) [be] glory (doxa), and (kai) the (to) power (kratos) into (eis) the (tous) ages (aiōnas) of the (tōn) ages (aiōnōn), truly (amēn)!


(For a kingdom of sacrificial priests, what it is and when it began, see 1 Pet. 2:9; Rev. 1:6)


1:7 Behold (idou), he causes himself to come (erchetai) with (meta) the (tōn) clouds (nephelōn)!  


And (kai) every (pas) eye (ophthalmos) shall cause itself to gaze at (opsetai) him (auton), and (kai) the ones who (hoitines) pricked him out (exekentēsan auton).  


And (kai) all (pasai) the (hai) tribes (phulai) of the (tēs) land (gēs) shall beat themselves2875 (kopsontai) over (ep’) him (auton).  


Yes (nai), truly (amēn)!


1:8 “I (egō) am (eimi) the (to) Alpha one (alpha), and (kai) the (to) Omega one (ō) says (legei) Lord (kurios), the (ho) God (theos).  


“[I am] the one (ho) being (ōn), and (kai) the one (ho) [who] was being (ēn), and (kai) the one (ho) causing Myself to come (erchomenos), the one (ho) all powerful (pantokratōr).”


1:9 I John (Iōannēs), the (ho) brother (adelphos) of you (humōn), and (kai) partaker together with (sunkoinōnos) [you] in (en) the (te) mental pressure (thlipsei), and (kai) Kingdom932 (basileia), and (kai) endurance (hupomonē) in (en) Jesus (Iēsou), caused myself to become (egenomēn) in (en) the (tē) island (nēsō), the one (tē) being called aloud (kaloumenē) Patmos (Patmō), through (dia) [the sake] of the (ton) Word (logon) of the (tou) God (theou), and (kai) the (tēn) witness (marturian) of Jesus (Iēsou).


1:10 I caused myself to become (egenomēn) in (en) Spirit (pneumati) in (en) the (tē) Lord's (kuriakē) day (hēmera), and (kai) I heard (ēkousa) behind (opisō) me (mou) a great (megalēn) sound (phōnēn) as (hōs) of a trumpet (salpingos),


1:11 saying (legousēs), “What (ho) you see (blepeis) write (grapson) into (eis) a little scroll (biblion).


And (kai) send (pempson) [it] to the (tais) seven (hepta) assemblies (ekklēsiais), into (eis) Ephesus (Epheson), and (kai) into (eis) Smyrna (Smurnan), and (kai) into (eis) Pergamos (Pergamon), and (kai) into (eis) Thyatira (Thuateira), and (kai) into (eis) Sardis (Sardeis), and (kai) into (eis) Philadelphia (Philadelpheian), and (kai) into (eis) Laodicea (Laodikeian).”


1:12 And (kai) I turned back (epestrepsa) to look at (blepein) the (tēn) voice (phōnēn) which (hētis) was speaking (elalei) with (met’) me (emou).


And (kai) having turned back (epistrepsas) I saw (eidon) seven (hepta) golden (chrusas) lamp stands (luchnias).


1:13 And (kai) in (en) [the] midst (mesō) of the (tōn) lamp stands (luchniōn) [there is someone] like (homoion) a son (huion) of a mortal (anthrōpou), he having dropped himself into (endedumenon) a foot-length (podērē) [garment], and (kai) [having] a golden (chrusan) girdle (zōnēn) toward (pros) the (tois) breasts (mastois).


1:14 But (de) the (hē) head (kephalē) of him (autou) and (kai) the (hai) hairs (triches) [were] white (leukai) as (hōs) wool (erion), white (leukon) as (hōs) snow (chiōn).  


And (kai) the (hoi) eyes (ophthalmoi) of him (autou) [were] as (hōs) a flame (phlox) of fire (puros).


1:15 And (kai) the (hoi) feet (podes) of him (autou) [were] ones like (homoioi) copper (chalkolibanō), as (hōs) having been enflamed (pepurōmenēs) in (en) a furnace (kaminō).  


And (kai) the (hē) sound (phōnē) of him (autou) [was] as (hōs) a sound (phōnē) of many (pollōn) waters (hudatōn).


1:16 And (kai) he is holding (echōn) in (en) the (tē) right (dexia) hand (cheiri) of him (autou) seven (hepta) stars (asteras).  


And (kai) out (ek) of the (tou) mouth (stomatos) of him (autou) a keen (oxeia) double-mouthed (distomos) rapier (rhomphaia) was caused to go out (ekporeuomenē).  


And (kai) the (hē) appearance (opsis) of him (autou) [was] as (hōs) the (ho) sun (hēlios) shines (phainei), in (en) the (tē) inherent power (dunamei) of him (autou).


1:17 And (kai) when (hote) I saw (eidon) him (auton) I fell4098 (epesa) toward (pros) the (tous) feet (podas) of him (autou) as (hōs) a dead one (nekros).  


And (kai) he put (ethēken) the (tēn) right (dexian) [hand] of him (autou) upon (ep’) me (eme), saying (legōn), “Do not be made fearful (mē phobou).  


I (egō) am (eimi) the (ho) first one (prōtos), and (kai) the (ho) last one (eschatos),


1:18 and (kai) the one (ho) living (zōn), and (kai) I caused myself to become (egenomēn) a dead one (nekros).


And (kai) behold (idou), I am (eimi) living (zōn) into (eis) the (tous) ages (aiōnas) of the (tōn) ages (aiōnōn)!  


And (kai) I have (echō) the (tas) keys (kleis) of the (tou) death (thanatou), and (kai) of the (tou) grave (hadou).


(For all of the things the Word caused itself to do and become see note under Luke 24:19.)


1:19 Therefore (oun) write (grapson) the things (ha) you saw (eides), and (kai) the things (ha) [which] are (eisin), and (kai) the things (ha) [which] are about (mellei) to cause themselves to come to pass (genesthai) together with (meta) these things (tauta);


1:20 the (to) mystery (mustērion) of the (tōn) seven (hepta) stars (asterōn) which (hous) you saw (eides) upon (epi) the (tēs) right (dexias) [hand] of me (mou), and (kai) the (tas) seven (hepta) lamp stands (luchnias), the (tas) golden ones (chrusas).


The (hoi) seven (hepta) stars (asteres) are (eisin) messengers (angeloi) of the (tōn) seven (hepta) assemblies (ekklēsiōn).


And (kai) the (hai) lamp stands (luchniai), the (hai) seven ones (hepta), are (eisin) seven (hepta) assemblies (ekklēsiai).”