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MATTHEW

 

CHAPTER 3

 

3:1 But (de) in (en) the (tais) days (hēmerais) for those things (ekeinais) John (Iōannēs) the (ho) baptist (baptistēs) causes himself to become alongside3854 (paraginetai), preaching (kērussōn) in (en) the (tē) desolate place (erēmō) of the (tēs) Judaea (Ioudaias),

 

3:2 and (kai) saying (legōn), "Repent (metanoeite), because (gar) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn) has come near1448 (ēngiken)!” 

 

3:3 Because (gar) this one (houtos) is (estin) the one (ho) having been stated (rhētheis) through (dia) Esaias (Esaiou), the (tou) prophet (prophētou), saying (legontos), "[A] voice (phōnē) of shouting (boōntos) in (en) the (tē) desolate place (erēmō), ‘Make ready (hetoimasate) the (tēn) way (hodon) of [the] Lord (kuriou)!

 

Make (poiete) the (tas) paths (tribous) of Him (autou) straight (eutheias)!'"

 

(See Isaiah 40:3)

 

3:4 But (de) the (ho) John (Iōannēs) himself (autos) was having (eichen) the (to) clothing (enduma) of him (autou) from (apo) hairs (trichōn) of [a] camel (kamēlou), and (kai) [a] skin (dermatinēn) girdle (zōnēn) around (peri) the (tēn) loin (osphun) of him (autou)

 

But (de) the (hē) nourishment (trophē) of him (autou) was being (ēn) locusts (akrides) and (kai) field (agrion) honey (meli).

 

3:5 Then (tote) Jerusalem (Hierosoluma) was causing herself to go out (exeporeueto) to (pros) him (auton), and (kai) all (pasa) the (hē) Judaea (Ioudaia), and (kai) all (pasa) the (hē) region around (perichōros) the (tou) Jordan (Iordanou).

 

3:6 And (kai) ones causing themselves to confess out (exomologoumenoi) the (tas) sins (hamartias) of them (autōn) were being baptized (ebaptizonto) in (en) the (tō) Jordan (Iordanē) river (potamō) under (hup) [the authority, AE] of him (autou).

 

3:7 But (de) he having seen (idōn) many (pollous) of the (tōn) Pharisees (Pharisaiōn) and (kai) Sadducees (Saddoukaiōn) causing themselves to come (erchomenous) upon (epi) the (to) baptism (baptisma) of him (autou), he enunciated (eipen) to them (autois), “Ones generated (gennēmata) of vipers (echidnōn), who (tis) showed (hupedeixen) to you (humin) to flee (phugein) from (apo) the (tēs) anger (orgēs) being about (mellousēs) [to come, AE]!?

 

3:8 Therefore (oun), make (poiēsate) produce (karpon) worthy (axion) of the (tēs) repentance (metanoias).

 

3:9 And (kai) do not conclude (doxēte mē) to say (legein) in (en) yourselves (heautois), ‘We have (echomen) a Father (patera), Abraham (Abraam)!’ 

 

Because (gar) I say (legō) to you (humin), that (hoti) the (ho) God (theos) can inherently power Himself (dunatai) to arouse (egeirai) ones born (tekna) to the (tō) Abraham (Abraam) out (ek) of the (tōn) stones (lithon) of these (touton).

 

3:10 But (de) already (ēdē) the (hē) axe (axinē) is laid (keitai) to (pros) the (tēn) root (pizan) of the (tōn) trees (dendrōn)

 

Therefore (oun), every (pan) tree (dendron) not (mē) making (poioun) beautiful (kalon) produce (karpon) is cut out (ekkoptetai), and (kai) is thrown (balletai) into (eis) [a] fire (pur).

 

3:11 Truly (men), I (egō) baptize (baptizō) you (humas) in (en) water (hudati), into (eis) repentance (metanoian)

 

But (de) the one (ho) being caused to come (erchomenos) behind (opisō) me (mou) is (estin) a stronger one than (ischuroteros) me (mou), of whom (hou) I am absolutely not (ouk eimi) [a] suitable one (hikanos) to carry (bastasai) the (ta) under-bindings (hupodēmata)

 

He (autos) shall baptize (baptisei) you (humas) in (en) holy (hagiō) Spirit (pneumati), and (kai) fire (puri)

 

(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, His new holy place under His new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as His new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with His own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)

 

(Jesus’ baptism in fire see Joel 2:28-32; Mat. 3:11; 2 Thes. 1:7-9)

 

3:12 of whom (hou) the (to) winnowing shovel (ptoun) [is] in (en) the (tē) hand (cheiri) of him (autou).

 

And (kai) he shall thoroughly clean (diakathariei) the (tēn) threshing floor (halōna) of him (autou).  

 

And (kai) he shall bring together (sunaxei) the (ton) grain (siton) of him (autou) into (eis) the (tēn) apothecary (apothēkēn)

 

But (de) he shall burn down (katakausei) the (to) chaff (achuron) [with, AE] unquenchable (asbestō) fire (puri).”

 

(For the teachings and ministry of Jesus Christ affecting division among the people of Israel, see Mat. 3:10-12, 10:34-39; Luke 2:34, 3:9, 16-17, 12:49-53; John 7:43, 9:16, 10:19, 15:6; 2 Thes. 1:8-9; Heb. 1:7; and division among the ethnic groups, see 1 Cor. 1:10-11, 11:18-19, 12:25)   

 

3:13 Then (tote) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) causes himself to become alongside3854 (paraginetai) upon (epi) the (ton) Jordan (Iordanēn), from (apo) the (tēs) Galilee (Galilaias), to (pros) the (ton) John (Iōannēn) of the (tou) [water baptism, v11, RE] to be baptized (baptisthēnai) under (hup) [authority, AE] of him (autou).

 

3:14 But (de) the (ho) John (Iōannēs) was forbidding him to go through (diekōluen auton) [[a] baptism, v13, RE], saying (legōn), “I (egō) have (echō) need (chreian) to be baptized (baptisthēnai) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of you (sou), and (kai) you (so) cause yourself to come (erchē) to (pros) me (me)!?”

 

3:15 But (de) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) having been caused to make a decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen) to (pros) him (auton), “Let [[a/the] baptism, v13, RE] go (aphes) at this time (arti), because (gar) thusly (houtōs) it is (estin) being conspicuous (prepon) for us (hēmin) to fulfill (plērōsai) all (pasan) righteousness (dikaiosunēn).”  

 

Then (tote) he let go (aphiēsin) of him (auton) [to be baptized, v13, RE].

 

3:16 But (de) he having been baptized (baptistheis), straightaway (euthus) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) stepped up (anebē) from (apo) the (tou) water (hudatos).  

 

And (kai) behold (idou), the (hoi) heavens (ouranoi) were opened up (ēneōchthēsan) to him (autō), and (kai) he saw (eiden) the (to) Spirit (pneuma) of the (tou) God (theou) coming down (katabainon) as if (hōsei) [a] dove (peristeran), and (kai) causing itself to come (erchomenon) upon (ep) him (auton)!

 

3:17 And (kai) behold (idou), [a] voice (phōnē) out (ek) of the (tou) heavens (ouranōn), saying (legousa), “This one (houtos) is (estin) the (ho) son (huios) of me (mou), the (ho) beloved one (agapētos), in (en) whom (hō) I well-approved (eudokēsa).” 

 

(See note in Mat. 3:17 for who is “this one”, and the legacy of accomplishments of “this one” for all mortalkind.)

 

- who became the son of Me, see 2 Sam. 7:14; Psalm 2:7; Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 11:20; Mat. 3:*16-17, 17:5; Mark 1:9-*11, 9:*7; Luke 3:*21-*22; Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:*5, 5:*5, 8:*10; 2 Pet. 1:*16-18; Rev. 21:*3, *7;

 

- who was the first-born one of the heavenly messengers, see Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:*4, 2:7-*9, 3:2;

 

- who was the Word, see John 1:1-2; Php. 2:5-*6;

 

- who caused itself to be hand-chosen before, see Acts 3:*20; Heb. 1:6-*13, 2:5-*9;

 

- who caused itself to become God’s agent in the creation of the whole cosmos, see John 1:2-3, 10; Col. 1:16-17; Heb. 1:2;

 

- who was sent into the cosmos to do God’s will, see Mat. 10:40, 15:*24, 26:*42; Mark 14:36; Luke 4:18, 43, 22:42; John 3:17, 4:34, 5:30, 6:38-40; Gal. 4:4; 1 John 4:9-14;

 

- who caused itself to become flesh, see John 1:*14; Rom. 1:*3; Php. 2:*7-*8; Heb. 2:*16-*17;

 

- who then caused himself to become the first-born son of God, see Mat. 3:*13-17; Mark 1:9-*11; Luke 3:*21-22; Heb. 12:23;

 

- who then said “Yes” to cause himself to shed his own blood for the release of all mortalkind from the penalty of its sin, see Mat. 26:28, *39-44; Mark 14:36; Luke 22:20, 42; Acts 20:*28b; Eph. 5:*2, *25; Col. 1:*13-14; 2 Cor. 1:*19; Gal. 3:*13; Php. 2:*7-*8; Heb. 1:*3, 2:10-*17, 9:*12-10:20, 19-26, 12:24; Titus 2:*14; Rev. 2:*8;

 

- who shed his own blood to put through a new and better covenant between God and mortalkind, see Mat. 26:28; Luke 22:20; Rom. 11:26-*27; 1 Cor. 11:25; Heb. 7:22, 9:*15-*18, 10:9, *16-17, 12:24, 13:20;

 

- who caused himself to become a sacrificial high priest of God under the new covenant, see Heb. 5:6, 10, 6:*20, 7:*11-8:6, 9:*11, 10:21;

 

- who baptizes all those, the ones who believe upon his name, in his heavenly Father’s gift of His own paternal holy Spirit, see Mat. 3:*11; Acts 2:29-33; Gal. 3:*13; Heb. 5:*9;

 

- who causes himself to build the new prophesied true “tent” of God, His new domed-roof house, see 2 Sam. 7:11c-16; Jer. 31:31-34; Psalm 118:22-23; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 21:*42, 26:*61, 27:63; Mark 8:31, 12:*10, 14:*58; Luke 20:*17; John 2:*19-21; Acts 4:1-*11, 10:39-*40, 15:13-19; 2 Cor. 6:16-*18; Eph. 2:20; Heb. 8:1-2, *8-*13, 9:*11; 1 Pet. 2:*4-8;

 

 who caused himself to do all of this to obtain a name above all other names except God’s, see Luke 2:21, 24:47; John 1:*12, 20:31; Acts 4:12, 29-30; Php. 2:9-*11; Heb. 1:*4; Rev. 3:12, 19:12-13;

 

- who caused himself to obtain his own throne, the throne of David, see Mat. 3:*13*-17, 19:28, 25:31; Luke 1:*32-33; Acts 2:29-33; Heb. 1:6-*13, 8:1-2, 12:2; Rev. 3:21, 7:17, 12:5, 19:*5, 21:*5;

 

- who caused himself to be seated at the right of his heavenly Father’s throne, see Isa. 16:5; Mat. 22:*44, 26:*64; Mark 12:*36, 14:*62, 16:19; Luke 20:*42, 22:*69; Acts 2:33*-35, 5:31, 7:55-56; Rom. 8:34; Eph. 1:20; Col. 3:*1; Heb. 1:3*-*13, 8:1, 10:12-*13, 12:2; 1 Pet. 3:*22.

 

See note under Luke 24:19 also.