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Chapter 11


11:1 But (de) belief (pistis) is (esti) an understanding (hupostasis) of practical issues (pragmatōn) being hoped for (elpizomenōn);


an evidential proof (elegchos) [of practical issues, ER] absolutely not (ou) being seen (blepomenōn)!


(See Job 9:10; Rom. 11:33; Heb. 11:1b)


11:2 Because (gar) the (hoi) elders (presbuteroi) were witnessed to (emarturēthēsan) [being] in (en) this (tautē),


11:3 belief (pistei)!


[Because of belief of the elders, v2-3, RE] we perceive (nooumen) the (tous) ages (aiōnas) to have been made fit (katērtisthai) [through, AE] a statement (rhēmati) of God (theou);


into (eis) the (to) [belief, v3, RE] of the thing (to) being seen (blepomena) not (mē) to have come to pass (gegonenai) out (ek) of shining things (phainomenōn).


11:4 Abel (Habel) brought to (prosēnenken) the (to) God (theō) a greater (pleiona) sacrifice (thusian), belief (pistei), beside (para) [the sacrifice, ER] of Cain (Kain);


through (di’) which (hēs) [belief, ER] he was witnessed (emarturēthē) to be (einai) a righteous one (dikaios), upon (epi) a witnessing (marturountos) of the (tou) God (theou) to the (tois) offerings (dōrois) of him (autou)


And (kai) through (di’) [the sake] of her (autēs), [Abel, ER] having died away (apothanōn), [the God, ER] yet speaks (eti lalei).


11:5 For belief (pistei) of the (tou) Enoch (Henōch), he was placed with (metetethē) [the God, v4] not (mē) to see (idein) death (thanaton);


and (kai) he was absolutely not being found (ouch hēurisketo) through the reason that (dioti) the (ho) God (theos) placed him with (metethēken auton) [Him, AE]!  


Because (gar) before (pro) the (tēs) transference (metatheseōs) of him (autou) truly he has been witnessed to (memarturētai) to have been well agreeable (euarestēkenai) to the (tō) God (theō)!


(For a beginning offering see John 6:35-40; Rom. 8:23, 11:16, 16:5; 1 Cor. 15:20-23, 16:15; Heb. 11:1-6; James 1:17-19; Rev. 14:4)


11:6 But (de) apart from (chōris) belief (pisteōs) [Enoch, v5, RE] [was being] an inherently unpowered one (adunaton) to be well agreeable (euarestēsai) [to the God, v5, RE].  


Because (gar) it is required (dei) of the one (ton) causing himself to come toward (proserchomenon) the (tō) God (theō) to believe (pisteusai) that (hoti) He is (estin);


and (kai) [to believe that, ER] He causes Himself to become (ginetai) a payer of wages (misthapodotēs) to the ones (tois) searching Him out (ekzētousin auton).


11:7 For belief (pistei), Noah (Nōe) having been directed (chrēmatistheis) about (peri) the things (tōn) but not yet (mēdepō) being seen (blepomenōn), he having taken [it] well (eulabētheis), he laid down a schematic (kateskeuasen) of an ark (kibōton) into (eis) [the] wholeness (sōtērian) of the (tou) house (oikou) of him (autou), through (di’) which (hēs) [no one searching Him out, v6], [the God, v6] condemned (katekrinen) the (ton) cosmos (kosmon)


And (kai) down on account (kata) of the (tēs) belief (pistin) [of him] he caused himself to become (egeneto) an heir (klēronomos) of righteousness (dikaiosunēs).


11:8 For belief (pistei), Abraham (Abraam) being called aloud (kaloumenos), he obeyed (hupēkousen) to come out (exelthein) into (eis) a place (topon) of which (hon) he was being about (ēmellen) to receive (lambanein) into (eis) an inheritance (klēronomian)


And (kai) he came out (exēlthen), not (mē) being caused to put together (epistamenos) where (pou) he causes himself to come (erchetai)!


11:9 For belief (pistei) he homesteaded alongside (parōkēsen) into (eis) [the] land (gēn) of the (tēs) promise (epangelias) as (hōs) another one (allotrian) in (en) tents (skēnais), he having homed-down (katoikēsas) with (meta) Isaac (Isaak) and (kai) Jacob (Iakōb), the (tōn) heirs together with (sunklēronomōn) [him] of the (tēs) promise (epangelias), the (tēs) same one (autēs).


11:10 Because (gar) he was causing himself to receive out (exedecheto) [of the God, v6] the (tēn) city (polin), the one (tous) having (echousan) foundations (themelious) of which (hēs) [the] technician (technitēs) and (kai) worker for the bound ones (dēmiourgos) [of the God, v6] [is] the (ho) God (theos).


(Is this posterity of Abraham, the posterity which God promised to Abraham, the ones out of it who shall believe God's Word as Abraham did, which ones the writer of Hebrews refers to as a "city", are they the new heavenly Jerusalem, the "city" of God? Mat. 5:14, 35; Gal. 4:25-26; Heb. 11:10-16, 12:22-24, 13:14; Rev. 3:12, 21:2-3, 10-27, 22:14, 19)


11:11 For belief (pistei) Sarah (Sarra) also (kai), herself (autē) sterile (steira), received (elaben) an inherently powered work (dunamin) into (eis) a throw-down (katabolēn) of a seed (spermatos), and (kai) beside (para) [the] time (kairon) of maturity (hēlikias)!


Since (epei) He was believable (piston), she led herself (hēgēsato) of the one (ton) having caused Himself to promise (epangeilamenon) [the inherently powered work];


11:12 and (kai) through whom (dio), from (apo) one (henos) [seed, v11], were generated (egennēthēsan) [many, Gen. 22:17].


And (kai) these ones (tauta) having been necrotized (nenekrōmenou), the (tō) plethora (plēthei) [of whom are] down according to as (kathōs) the (ta) stars (astra) of the (tou) heaven (ouranou), and (kai) as (hōs) the (hē) sand (ammos), the (hē) [sand] beside (para) the (to) lip (cheilos) of the (tēs) sea (thalassēs), the (hē) innumerable (anarithmētos) [sand]


11:13 down on account (kata) of belief (pistin) [of Abraham and Sarah, v8, 11], these (houtoi) all (pantes) died away (apethanon), ones not having received (mē labontes) the (tas) promises (epaggelias).


BUT (alla), they having seen (idontes) them (autas) distantly (porrōthen), they are ones having caused themselves to embrace (aspasamenoi) [the promises] also (kai);


(the promises: the land, v9; the city, v10; the many, v12)


they having confessed (homologēsantes) also (kai) that (hoti) they are (eisin) strangers (xenoi), and (kai) sojourners (parepidēmoi) upon (epi) the (tēs) land (gēs)!


11:14 Because (gar) the ones (hoi) saying (legontes) things like these (toiauta) inform (emphanizousin) [the God, v10] that (hoti) they search over (epizētousin) [the sake] of a fatherland (patrida).


11:15 And (kai), truly (men), if (ei) they were being in remembrance (emnēmoneuon) of that (ekeinēs) [fatherland, v14] from (aph') which (hēs) they walked out (exebēsan), perhaps (an) they would be having (eichon) a time (kairon) to bow up344 (anakampsai)!


11:16 But (de) now (nun) they cause themselves to stretch (oregontai) for a stronger positioned (kreittonos) [fatherland, v14], that (tout’) is (estin), a heavenly one (epouraniou).


Through which (dio) the (ho) God (theos) is absolutely not caused to be ashamed (ouk epaischunetai) to be called upon aloud (epikaleisthai) God (theos) of them (autōn);


because (gar) He made ready (hētoimasen) for them (autois) a city (polin)!


11:17 For belief (pistei) Abraham (Abraam) has brought to (prosenēnochen) [the God, v16] the (ton) Isaac (Isaak), [Abraham] being a tested one (peirazomenos).


And (kai) the (ho) [Abraham] having caused himself to receive up (anadexamenos) the (tas) promises (epangelias), was bringing to (prosepheren) [the God, v16] the (ton) only genus3439 (monogenē) [of him],


11:18 ([the one, v17] to (pros) whom (hon) it was spoken (elalēthē) that (hoti), “In (en) Isaac (Isaak) a seed (sperma) to you (soi) shall be called aloud (klēthēsetai)”);


11:19 he having caused himself to count3049 (logisamenos) that (hoti) the (ho) God (theos) [was] inherently powerful (dunatos) to arouse (egeirein) [Isaac, v18] also (kai) out (ek) of dead ones (nekrōn), from where (hothen) He caused Himself to provide (ekomisato) for him (auton) also (kai), in (en) a parable (parabolē).


11:20 For belief (pistei) about (peri) [promises, v17] also being about (kai mellontōn) [to be], Isaac (Isaak) eulogized (eulogēsen) the (ton) Jacob (Iakōb) and (kai) the (ton) Esau (Hsau).


(See Gen. 27)


11:21 For belief (pistei) Jacob (Iakōb), dying away (apothnēskōn), he eulogized (eulogēsen) each (hekaston) of the (tōn) sons (huiōn) of Joseph (Iōsēph);


and (kai) he bowed to4352 (prosekunēsen) [the sons of Joseph] [leaning?] upon (epi) the (to) tip (akron) of the (tēs) rod (rabdou) of him (autou).


(See Gen. 49:1-2)


11:22 For belief (pistei) Joseph (Iōsēph), coming to an end (teleutōn), remembered (emnēmoneusen) about (peri) the (tēs) exodus (exodou) of the (tōn) sons (huiōn) of Israel (Israēl), and (kai) caused himself to give an injunction (eneteilato) about (peri) the (tōn) bones (osteōn) of him (autou).


11:23 For belief (pistei) Moses (Mōusēs), having been generated (gennētheis), he was hidden (ekrubē) three months (trimēnon) under (hupo) [belief] of the (tōn) fathers (paterōn) of him (auton);


through the reason that (dioti) they saw (eidon) the (to) young child (paidion) [was] fair (asteion), and (kai) they were absolutely not caused to be in fear (ouk ephobēthēsan) of the (to) imposition (diatagma) of the (tou) king (basileōs)!


11:24 For belief (pistei) Moses (Mōusēs), having caused himself to become (genomenos) a great one (megas), he caused himself to deny (ērnēsato) to be said to be (legesthai) a son (huion) of a daughter (thugatros) of a pharaoh (pharaō),


11:25 he having caused himself to seize (helomenos) more (mallon) [time] to be maliciously held together with (sunkakoucheisthai) the (tō) people (laō) of the (tou) God (theou), than (ē) to have (echein) enjoyment from (apolausin) sin (harmartias) for the time (proskairon);


11:26 he having led himself (hēgēsamenos) to wealth (plouton) greater than (meizona) the (tōn) treasures (thēsaurōn) of Egypt (Aiguptou), to the (ton) reproach (oneidismon) of the (tou) Christ (Christou)!


Because (gar) he was looking away from (apeblepen) [the reproach] into (eis) the (tēn) wage given from (misthapodosian) [God, v25]!


11:27 For belief (pistei) [Moses, v24] left (katelipen) Egypt (Aigupton), he not having been made fearful (phobētheis) of the (ton) passion (thumon) of the (tou) king (basileōs).


Because (gar) as (hōs) one gazing at (horōn) an unseeable thing (aoraton), he was empowered (ekarterēsen)!


11:28 For belief (pistei) he has done (pepoiēken) the (to) Passover (pascha), and (kai) the (tēn) pouring forth (proschusin) of the (tou) blood (haimatos), in order that (hina) the one (ho) ruining (olothreuōn) the (ta) first-born ones (prōtotoka) may not touch (mē thigē) them (autōn)!


11:29 For belief (pistei) they walked through (diebēsan) the (tēn) Red (Eruthran) Sea (Thalassan) as (hōs) through (dia) dry (xēras) land (gēs);


of which (hē) the (hoi) Egyptians (Aiguptioi) having taken (labontes) a try (peiran), they were drank down2666 (katepothēsan).


11:30 For belief (pistei) the (ta) walls (teichē) of Jericho (Ierichō) fell (epesan), they having been circled (kuklōthenta) over (epi) of seven (hepta) days (hēmeras).


11:31 For belief (pistei) Rahab (Rhaab), the (hē) fornicator (pornē), she absolutely did not cause herself to be lost together with (ou sunapōleto) the ones (tois) having been dissuaded (apeithēsasin);


she having caused herself to receive (dexamenē) with (met’) peace (eirēnēs) the (tous) ones scoping down (kataskopous) [the land of Jericho, vJoshua 2:1-]!


11:32 And (kai) what (ti) yet (eti) may I say (legō)?  


Because (gar) the (ho) time (chronos) shall leave (epileipsei) me (me) causing myself to lead [you] through (diēgoumenon) about (peri) [the belief, v31] of Gedeon (Gedeōn), of Barak (Barak), of Samson (Sampsōn), of Jephthah (Iephthae), of David (Dauid), and (kai) both (te) of Samuel (Samouēl) and (kai) of the (tōn) prophets (prophētōn),


11:33 ones who (hoi) through (dia) belief (pisteōs) caused themselves to agonize down (katēgōnisanto) of kingdoms (basileias),


they caused themselves to work (eirgasanto) righteousness (dikaiosunēn);


they hit upon2013 (epetuchon) promises (epangeliōn);


they fenced (ephraxan) mouths (stomata) of lions (leontōn);


11:34 they quenched (esbesan) an inherently powered work (dunamin) of fire (puros);


they fled (ephugon) [the] mouths (stomata) of a knife (machairēs);


they were made inherently powerful (edunamōthēsan) from (apo) a disability (astheneias);


they were caused to become (egenēthēsan) strong ones (ischuroi) in (en) war (polemō);


they reclined (eklinan) auxiliary encampments (parembolas) of others (allotriōn);


11:35 females (gunaikes) received (elabon) the (tous) dead ones (nekrous) of them (autōn) out (ex) of a standing up (anastaseōs).


But (de) other ones (alloi) were tympanied5178 (etumpanisthēsan), they absolutely not having caused themselves to receive (ou prosdexamenoi) the (tēn) redemption (apolutrōsin), in order that (hina) they may attain (tuchōsin) a standing up (anastaseōs) of a stronger position (kreittonos)!


11:36 But (de) ones of another kind (heteroi) received (elabon) a trial (peiran) of mockings (empaigmōn), and (kai) scourgings (mastigōn).


But (de) yet (eti) [others received a trial] of bonds (desmōn), and (kai) of a guardroom (phulakēs).


11:37 They were stoned (elithasthēsan);


they were sawed (epristhēsan);


in (en) a murder (phonō) of a knife (machairēs) they died away (apethanon)!


They went around (periēlthon) in (en) sheepskins (mēlōtais), in (en) goat (aigeiois) skins (dermasin);


ones lacking (husteroumenoi);


ones pressured (thlibomenoi);


ones held maliciously (kakouchoumenoi)!


11:38 Ones of whom (hōn) the (ho) cosmos (kosmos) was absolutely not being (ouk ēn) worthy (axios)!


[They are] ones being caused to wander (planōmenoi) over (epi) desolate places (erēmiais), and (kai) mountains (oresin), and (kai) for caves (spēlaiois), and (kai) for the (tais) openings (opais) of the (tēs) ground (gēs).


11:39 And (kai) all (pantes) these ones (houtoi) having been witnessed to (marturēthentes) through (dia) [the sake] of the (tēs) belief (pisteōs) [of them], they absolutely did not provide for themselves (ouk ekomisanto) the (tēn) promise (epangelian) [of the redemption, v35]


11:40 of the (tou) God (theou);


He having caused Himself to look forward (problepsamenou) for something (ti) stronger positioned (kreitton) about (peri) us (hēmōn), in order that (hina) they may not be made complete (mē teleiōthōsin) apart from (chōris) us (hēmōn)!