Literal Idiomatic Translation
    Home   Translation Page

 

HEBREWS

 

Chapter 1

 

1:1 The (ho) God (theos) long ago (palai) having spoken (lalēsas) many portions (polumerōs) and (kai) many ways (polutropōs) to the (tois) fathers (patrasin), [having spoken, RE] in (en) the (tois) prophets (prophētais),

 

1:2 over (ep’) last (eschaton) of the (tōn) days (hēmerōn) of these (toutōn) [the God, v1, RE] spoke (elalēsen) to us (hēmin) in (en) [a] son (huiō), whom (hon) was put in place (ethēke) [an] heir (klēronomon) of all things (pantōn);

 

through (di’) whom (hou) [the God, v1, RE] made (epoiēsen) the (tous) ages (aiōnas) also (kai)

 

1:3a who (hos) is being (ōn) [a] reflection off (apaugasma) of the (tēs) glory (doxēs), and (kai) [a] characterization (charaktēr) of the (tēs) understanding (hupostaseōs) of him (autou), [God, v1, RE];

 

(For the physical head of Jesus Christ, as well as the physical heads of all males of mortalkind, being subordinate icons of the glory of the God, see Gen. 1:26-27, 9:6; 1 Cor. 11:7; 2 Cor. 3:18, 4:4; Phil. 2:5-6; Col. 1:15, 3:10; Heb. 1:3)

 

1:3b and (te) [the] one bringing (pherōn) all the things (ta panta) [to come to pass through, AE] the (tō) statement (rhēmati) of the (tēs) work of inherent power (dunameōs) of him (autou), [God, v1, RE],

 

(For all things coming to pass through God’s instrumental use of the Word, see John 1:3, 10; Col. 1:16-17; Heb. 1:2-3)

 

[the] [son, v2, RE] having caused himself to make (poiēsamenos) [a] cleansing (katharismon) of the (tōn) sins (hamartiōn), he sat down (ekathisen) in (en) right (dexia) of the (tēs) magnificence (megalōsunēs) in (en) high places (hupsēlois);

 

(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)

 

1:4 [the] [son, v2, RE] having caused himself to become (genomenos) [a] so much (tosoutō) stronger positioned one (kreittōn) of the (tōn) messengers (angelōn), for as much as (hosō) he has inherited (keklēronomēken) [a] different (diaphorōteron) name (onoma) alongside (par’) of them (autous)!

 

(For Jesus Christ having caused himself to receive a name which is above all other names, with the exception of the God’s names, see Luke 2:21, 24:47; John 1:11-12, 20:31; Acts 4:12, 29-30; Phil. 2:5-11; Heb. 1:*4, 1-13; Rev. 3:12, 19:11-13.)

 

(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)

 

1:5 Because (gar) to which one (tini) of the (tōn) messengers (angelōn) <did> [the God, v1, ER] enunciate (eipen) in time past (pote), “You (su) are (ei) [a] son (huios) of me (mou).  

 

Today (sēmeron) I (egō) have generated (gegennēka) you (se)”?  

 

(See Psalm 2:7)

 

And (kai) again (palin), “I (egō) shall cause myself to be (esomai) into (eis) him (autō) [a] Father (patera).

 

And (kai) he (autos) shall cause himself to be (estai) into (eis) me (moi) [a] son (huion).”

 

(See 2 Sam. 7:14)

 

(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)

 

(For who caused himself to become the firstborn son of God, see 2 Sam. 7:14; Psalm 2:7; Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 11:20; Mat. 3:*13-17, 17:5; Mark 1:9-*11, 9:*7; Luke 3:*21-*22; John 1:26-34, 3:1-7; Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:*5, 5:*5, 8:*10, 12:23; 2 Pet. 1:*16-18; Rev. 21:*3, *7.)

 

1:6 But (de) again (palin), when perhaps (hotan) [the God, v1, ER] may bring in (eisagagē) the (ton) firstborn one (prōtotokon) into (eis) the (tēn) inhabited land (oikoumenēn), he says (legei), "And (kai) bow to4352 (proskunēsatōsan) him (aoto) all (pantes) of God’s (theou) messengers (angeloi)." 

 

(For the Word’s heavenly pre-existence as a spirit-based being see Prov. 8:22-31; Dan. 3:25-28; John 1:1-2, 14, 30, 3:13, 31, 6:33, 38, 41, 50-51, 58-62, 8:23-26, 58, 13:3, 16:27-30, 17:5-8, 24; Rom. 8:29; 1 Cor. 10:4, 9, 15:47; Gal. 4:1-5; Eph. 4:8-10, Phil. 2:6-7; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-6, 3:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; 1 John 1:2; Rev. 3:14)

 

1:7 And (kai) truly (men), to (pros) the messengers (angelous), [the God, v1, ER] says (legei) [he, AE] [is] the one (ho) making (poiōn) the (tous) messengers (angelous) of him (autou) spirits (pneumata), and (kai) the (tous) liturgists (leitourgous) of him (autou) [a] flame (phloga) of fire (puros)!

 

(See Psalm 104:4)

 

(For the teachings and ministry of Jesus Christ affecting division among the people of Israel, see Mat. 3:10-12, 10:34-39; Luke 2:34, 3:9, 16-17, 12:49-53; John 7:43, 9:16, 10:19, 15:6; 2 Thes. 1:8-9; Heb. 1:7; and division among the ethnic groups, see 1 Cor. 1:10-11, 11:18-19, 12:25)   

 

1:8 But (de) to (pros) the son (huion) the (ho) God (theos, elohim) [says, v7, RE], "The (ho) throne (thronos) of you (sou) [is] into (eis) the (ton) age (aiōna) of the (tou) age (aiōnos).  

 

And (kai) the (hē) rod (rhabdos) of the (tēs) straightness (euthutētos) [is] [the, RE] rod (rhabdos) of the (tēs) Kingdom932 (basileias) of you (sou).

 

(See Psalm 45:6)

 

(For Christ Jesus' kingdom see Luke 1:32-33)

 

(For Christ Jesus having his own throne, see Mat. 19:28, 25:31; Luke 1:32; Acts 2:30; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:8, 8:1, 12:2; 1 Pet. 3:22; Rev. 3:21, 5:6, 6:16, 7:9, 17, 12:5, 19:9-10, 21:3, 22:1, 3.)

 

1:9 You loved (ēgapēsas) righteousness (dikaiosunēn) and (kai) despised (emisēsas) lawlessness (anomian);

 

through (dia) [the sake, AE] of this (touto) the (ho) God (theos), the (ho) God (theos) of you (sou), christened (echrisen) you (se) [in, AE] olive oil (elaion) of jumping for joy (agalliaseōs), alongside (para) of the (tous) partners (metochous) of you (sou). 

 

(See Psalm 45:7)

 

(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)

 

(For who is Jesus Christ’s God, see Mat. 27:46; Mark 15:34; John 20:17; Rom. 15:6; Heb. 1:9; 1 Pet. 1:3; Rev. 3:2, 12)

 

1:10 And (kai) you (su), lord (kurie), down on account (kat’) of [a] beginning (archas), you founded (ethemeliōsas) the (tēn) land (gēn).  

 

And (kai) the (hoi) heavens (ouranoi) are (eisin) [the] works (erga) of the (tōn) hands (cheirōn) of you (sou).

 

1:11 They (autoi) shall lose themselves (apolountai), but (de) you (su) thoroughly stay (diameneis).  

 

And (kai) all (pantes) shall be made old (palaiōthēsontai) as (hōs) [an] outer garment (himation).

 

1:12 And (kai) as if (hōsei) [being] [a] wrap4018 (peribolaion), you shall coil (helixeis) them (autous).  

 

As (hōs) [an] outer garment (himation) [is changed, AE], they shall be changed (allagēsontai) also (kai).  

 

But (de) you (su) are (ei) the (ho) same (autos).

 

And (kai) the (ta) years (etē) of you (sou) shall absolutely not become exhausted (ouk ekleipsousin)!"

 

1:13 But (de) to (pros) which (tina) of the (tōn) messengers (angelōn) <has> [the God, v1, ER] stated (eirēken) in time past (pote), “Cause yourself to sit down (kathou) out (ek) right (dexiōn) of me (mou) until (heōs) perhaps (an) I may put (thō) the (tous) hated ones (echthrous) of you (sou) [to be] [a] footstool under (hupopodion) the (tōn) feet (podōn) of you (sou)?”

 

(For Jesus Christ having caused himself to receive a name which is above all other names, with the exception of the God’s names, see Luke 2:21, 24:47; John 1:11-12, 20:31; Acts 4:12, 29-30; Phil. 2:5-11; Heb. 1:*4, 1-13; Rev. 3:12, 19:11-13.)

 

(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)

 

(For Christ Jesus' footstool, see Psalm 110:1; Mat. 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:43; Acts 2:35; *Rom. 16:20; 1 Cor. 15:25-28; Eph. 1:22; Heb. 1:13, 2:8, 10:13)

 

1:14 Are (eisin) [the messengers, v13, RE] absolutely not (ouchi) all (pantes) liturgical (leitourgika) spirits (pneumata) being sent (apostellomena) into (eis) [a] ministry (diakonian) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of the ones (tous) being about (mellontes) to inherit (klēronomein) wholeness (sōtērian)!?