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HEBREWS

 

Chapter 1

 

1:1 The (ho) God (theos) long ago (palai) having spoken (lalēsas) many portions (polumerōs) and (kai) many ways (polutropōs) to the (tois) fathers (patrasin), [having spoken, RE] in (en) the (tois) prophets (prophētais),

 

1:2 over (ep’) last (eschaton) of the (tōn) days (hēmerōn) of these (toutōn) he spoke (elalēsen) to us (hēmin) in (en) [a] son (huiō) whom (hon) was put in place (ethēke) [an] heir (klēronomon) of all things (pantōn);

 

through (di’) whom (hou) he made (epoiēsen) the (tous) ages (aiōnas) also (kai)

 

1:3 who (hos) is being (ōn) [a] reflection off (apaugasma) of the (tēs) glory (doxēs), and (kai) [a] characterization (charaktēr) of the (tēs) understanding (hupostaseōs) of him (autou);

 

(For the physical head of Jesus Christ, as well as the physical heads of all males of mortalkind, being subordinate icons of the glory of the God, see Gen. 1:26-27, 9:6; 1 Cor. 11:7; 2 Cor. 3:18, 4:4; Php. 2:5-6; Col. 1:15, 3:10; Heb. 1:3)

 

and (te) [the] one bringing (pherōn) all the things (ta panta) [to come to pass through, AE] the (tō) statement (rhēmati) of the (tēs) work of inherent power (dunameōs), of him (autou).

 

(For all things coming to pass through God’s instrumental use of the Word, see John 1:3, 10; Col. 1:16-17; Heb. 1:2-3)

 

He having caused himself to make (poiēsamenos) [a] cleansing (katharismon) of the (tōn) sins (hamartiōn), he sat down (ekathisen) in (en) right (dexia) of the (tēs) magnificence (megalōsunēs) in (en) high places (hupsēlois);

 

(For all of the things the Word caused itself to do and become see notes under Mat. 3:17 and Luke 24:19.)

 

1:4 he having caused himself to become (genomenos) [a] so much (tosoutō) stronger positioned one (kreittōn) of the (tōn) messengers (angelōn), for as much as (hosō) he has inherited (keklēronomēken) [a] different (diaphorōteron) name (onoma) alongside (par’) of them (autous)!

 

(For all of the things the Word caused itself to do and become see notes under Mat. 3:17 and Luke 24:19.)

 

1:5 Because (gar) to which one (tini) of the (tōn) messengers (angelōn) <did> [the God, v1, ER] enunciate (eipen) in time past (pote), “You (su) are (ei) [a] son (huios) of me (mou).  

 

Today (sēmeron) I (egō) have generated (gegennēka) you (se)”?  

 

(See Psalm 2:7)

 

And (kai) again (palin), “I (egō) shall cause myself to be (esomai) into (eis) him (autō) [a] Father (patera).

 

And (kai) he (autos) shall cause himself to be (estai) into (eis) me (moi) [a] son (huion).”

 

(See 2 Sam. 7:14)

 

(For all of the things the Word caused itself to do and become see notes under Mat. 3:17 and Luke 24:19.)

 

(For who caused himself to become the first produced son of God, see 2 Sam. 7:14; Psalm 2:7; Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 11:20; Mat. 3:*13-17, 17:5; Mark 1:9-*11, 9:*7; Luke 3:*21-*22; John 1:26-34, 3:1-7; Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:*5, 5:*5, 8:*10, 12:23; 2 Pet. 1:*16-18; Rev. 21:*3, *7.)

 

1:6 But (de) again (palin), when perhaps (hotan) [the God, v1, ER] may bring in (eisagagē) the (ton) first-born one (prōtotokon) into (eis) the (tēn) inhabited land (oikoumenēn), he says (legei), "And (kai) bow to4352 (proskunēsatōsan) him (aoto) all (pantes) of God’s (theou) messengers (angeloi)." 

 

(For the Word’s heavenly pre-existence as a spirit-based being see Prov. 8:22-31; Dan. 3:25-28; John 1:1-2, 14, 30, 3:13, 31, 6:33, 38, 41, 50-51, 58-62, 8:23-26, 58, 13:3, 16:27-30, 17:5-8, 24; Rom. 8:29; 1 Cor. 10:4, 9, 15:47; Gal. 4:1-5; Eph. 4:8-10, Phil. 2:6-7; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-6, 3:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; 1 John 1:2; Rev. 3:14)

 

1:7 And (kai) truly (men), to (pros) the messengers (angelous) [the God, v1, ER] says (legei), "… [who is] the one (ho) making (poiōn) the (tous) messengers (angelous) of him (autou) spirits (pneumata), and (kai) the (tous) liturgists (leitourgous) of him (autou) [a] flame (phloga) of fire (puros)!”

 

(See Psalm 104:4)

 

(For the teachings and ministry of Jesus Christ affecting division among the people of Israel, see Mat. 3:10-12, 10:34-39; Luke 2:34, 3:9, 16-17, 12:49-53; John 7:43, 9:16, 10:19, 15:6; 2 Thes. 1:8-9; Heb. 1:7; and division among the ethnic groups, see 1 Cor. 1:10-11, 11:18-19, 12:25)   

 

1:8 But (de) to (pros) the son (huion) [the God, v1, ER], "The (ho) throne (thronos) of you (sou), the (ho) god (theos, elohim), [is] into (eis) the (ton) age (aiōna) of the (tou) age (aiōnos).  

 

And (kai) the (hē) rod (rhabdos) of the (tēs) straightness (euthutētos) [is] [the, RE] rod (rhabdos) of the (tēs) Kingdom932 (basileias) of you (sou).

 

(See Psalm 45:6)

 

(For Christ Jesus' kingdom see Luke 1:32-33)

 

1:9 You loved (ēgapēsas) righteousness (dikaiosunēn) and (kai) despised (emisēsas) lawlessness (anomian);

 

through (dia) [the sake, AE] of this (touto), the (ho) God (theos), the (ho) God (theos) of you (sou) christened (echrisen) you (se) [in, AE] olive oil (elaion) of jumping for joy (agalliaseōs), alongside (para) of the (tous) partners (metochous) of you (sou). 

 

(See Psalm 45:7)

 

(For all of the things the Word caused itself to do and become see notes under Mat. 3:17 and Luke 24:19.)

 

(For who is Jesus Christ’s God, see Mat. 27:46; Mark 15:34; John 20:17; Rom. 15:6; Heb. 1:9; 1 Pet. 1:3; Rev. 3:2, 12)

 

1:10 And (kai) you (su), lord (kurie), down on account (kat’) of a beginning (archas), founded (ethemeliōsas) the (tēn) land (gēn).  

 

And (kai) the (hoi) heavens (ouranoi) are (eisin) [the] works (erga) of the (tōn) hands (cheirōn) of you (sou).

 

1:11 They (autoi) shall lose themselves (apolountai), but (de) you (su) thoroughly stay (diameneis).  

 

And (kai) all (pantes) shall be made old (palaiōthēsontai) as (hōs) an outer garment (himation).

 

1:12 And (kai) as if (hōsei) [it was] a wrap4018 (peribolaion) you shall coil (helixeis) them (autous).  

 

As (hōs) an outer garment (himation) [is changed], they shall be caused to change (allagēsontai) also (kai).  

 

But (de) you (su) are (ei) the (ho) same (autos).

 

And (kai) the (ta) years (etē) of you (sou) shall absolutely not become exhausted (ouk ekleipsousin)!"

 

1:13 But (de) to (pros) which (tina) of the (tōn) messengers (angelōn) <has> [the God, v1, ER] stated (eirēken) in time past (pote), “Cause yourself to sit down (kathou) out (ek) right (dexiōn) of me (mou) until (heōs) perhaps (an) I may put (thō) the (tous) hated ones (echthrous) of you (sou) [as] a footstool under (hupopodion) the (tōn) feet (podōn) of you (sou)?”

 

(For all of the things the Word caused itself to do and become see notes under Mat. 3:17 and Luke 24:19.)

 

(For Christ Jesus' footstool, see Psalm 110:1; Mat. 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:43; Acts 2:35; *Rom. 16:20; 1 Cor. 15:25-28; Eph. 1:22; Heb. 1:13, 2:8, 10:13)

 

1:14 Are (eisin) [the messengers, v13, RE] absolutely not (ouchi) all (pantes) liturgical (leitourgika) spirits (pneumata) being sent (apostellomena) into (eis) [a] ministry (diakonian) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of the ones (tous) being about (mellontes) to inherit (klēronomein) wholeness (sōtērian)!?