Literal Idiomatic Translation
    Home   Translation Page




Chapter 4


4:1 Therefore (oun) I accost (parakalō) you (humas), I (egō), the (ho) bound one (desmios) in (en) [the] lord (kuriō), to walk around (peripatēsai) worthily (axiōs) of the (tēs) calling (klēseōs) of which (hēs) you were called aloud (eklēthēte);


4:2 [to walk around, v1] with (meta) all (pasēs) humility of thought (tapeinophrosunēs) and (kai) of meekness (prautētos);


[to walk around, v1] with (meta) patience (makrothumias), causing yourselves to hold up (anechomenoi) one another (allēlōn) in (en) love (agapē);


4:3 making haste (spoudazontes) to watchfully keep (tērein) the (tēn) oneness (henotēta) of the (tou) Spirit (pneumatos), in (en) to the (tō) bonding together (sundesmō) of the (tēs) peace (eirēnēs).


4:4 [There is] one (hen) body (sōma), and (kai) one (hen) Spirit (pneuma), down according to as (kathōs) you were called aloud (eklēthēte) also (kai) in (en) one (mia) hope (elpidi) of the (tēs) calling (klēseōs) of you (humōn);


4:5 one (heis) lord (kurios), one (mia) belief (pistis), one (hen) baptism (baptisma),


4:6 and (kai) one (heis) God (theos), Father (patēr) of all (pantōn), the one (ho) over (epi) all (pantōn), and (kai) through (dia) all (pantōn), and (kai) in (en) all (pasin)


(For God making Jesus Christ His domicile, and He subsequently working IN and THROUGH Jesus Christ as His mortal agent in this cosmos, see *Mat. 9:8; Mark 6:5; Luke 5:17, 7:16; John 3:2, 5:19-20, 8:16, *29, 9:33, *10:38, *14:10-11, *16-20, 28, 16:32b; *Acts 2:22, 10:38; *2 Cor. 5:18-19; Eph. 3:16-19, 4:6; *Col. 1:19-20, 2:9; 1 John 5:20)


4:7 But (de) to each (hekastō) one (heni) of us (hēmōn) was given (edothē) the (hē) grace (charis), down according to (kata) the (to) measure (metron) of the (tēs) gift (dōreas) of the (tou) Christ (Christou);


4:8 through which (dio) it says (legei), “He having stepped up (anabas) into (eis) [the] height (hupsos), he took captive at spear point (ēchmalōteusen) captivity by spear point (aichmalōsian);


he gave (edōken) gifts (domata) to the (tois) mortals (anthrōpois).”


(For Jesus Christ taking captivity captive, see Psalm 68:18.)


4:9 (But (de) the (to) [saying] “he stepped up” (anebē), what (ti) is (estin) [it] if (ei) not (mē) that (hoti) he stepped down (katebē) also (kai) into (eis) the (ta) parts (merē) of the (tēs) land (gēs) down lower (katōtera)?


4:10 The one (ho) having stepped down (katabas) is (estin) himself (autos) the one (ho) having stepped up (anabas) also (kai), up over (huperanō) all (pantōn) the (tōn) heavens (ouranōn), in order that (hina) he may fulfill (plērōsē) all the things (ta panta).) 


(For the Word’s heavenly pre-existence as a spirit-based being see Prov. 8:22-31; Dan. 3:25-28; John 1:1-2, 14, 30, 3:13, 31, 6:33, 38, 41, 50-51, 58-62, 8:23-26, 58, 13:3, 16:27-30, 17:5-8, 24; Rom. 8:29; 1 Cor. 10:4, 9, 15:47; Gal. 4:1-5; Eph. 4:8-10, Phil. 2:6-7; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-6, 3:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; 1 John 1:2; Rev. 3:14)


4:11 And (kai), truly (men), he (autos) gave (edōken) the ones (tous) [being] apostles (apostolous), but (de) the ones (tous) [being] prophets (prophētas), but (de) the ones (tous) [being] evangelists (euangelistas), but (de) the ones (tous) [being] shepherds (poimenas), and (kai) [the ones being] teachers (didaskalous),


4:12 toward (pros) [the sake] of the (ton) making fit (katartismon) of the (tōn) holy ones (hagiōn) into (eis) [the] work (ergon) of [the] ministry (diakonias), into (eis) [the building] of a domed-roof house3619 (oikodomēn) of the (tou) body (sōmatos) of the (tou) Christ (Christou);


4:13 until (mechri) all (pantes) the (hoi) [holy ones] may come down faced2658 (katantēsōmen) into (eis) the (tēn) oneness (henotēta) of the (tēs) belief (pisteōs), and (kai) of the (tēs) experiential knowledge (epignōseōs) of the (tou) son (huiou) of the (tou) God (theou), into (eis) a complete (teleion) male (andra), into (eis) [the] measure (metron) of the (tou) fullness (plērōmatos) of maturity (hēlikias) of the (tou) Christ (Christou);


(For the Spirit of God being in Christ, and the Spirit of Christ being in those who believe upon his name, making them more than conquerors now, see Mat. 10:25; Acts 1:4-8; Rom. 8:9-11, 37; 1 Cor. 12:6; 2 Cor. 2:14, 13:3-5; Gal. 1:16; Eph. 1:19-20, 4:13, 6:13-18; Php. 2:13, 4:13; Col. 1:27-29; 1 Thes. 2:13; 2 Tim. 1:7; 1 John 4:4, 5:4-5)


4:14 in order that (hina) we may no longer yet be (mēketi ōmen) infants (nēpioi), ones being caused to surge (kludōnizomenoi), and (kai) ones being brought about (peripheromenoi) to every (panti) wind (anēmo) of the (tēs) [winds] of teaching (didaskalias) in (en) the (tē) die2940 (kubeia) of the (tōn) mortals (anthrōpōn) in (en) shrewdness (panourgia), to (pros) the (tēn) method (methodeian) of the (tēs) Wanderer (planēs)!


(For the devil, the *god of this cosmos, coming to steal, kill, and destroy the assembly (ekklēsia), the one body of Christ, and all mortalkind, to cause them to wander away from the one true God and His Word, see Mat. 6:13, 13:19; Mark 1:13a, 4:15, 13:5-6; Luke 13:16, 21:8, 22:3, 31; John 8:44, 10:10a, 13:27; Acts 5:3; 1 Cor. 7:5, 31b; 2 Cor. 2:11, *4:4, 11:13-15; Gal. 1:4; Eph. 4:11-14, 6:11-16; 1 Thes. 2:17-18; 2 Thes. 2:7-12; 1 Tim. 4:1-2, 5:13-15; 2 Tim. 3:13; 1 John 3:11-13, 4:1-6, 5:19; 2 John 1:7; Rev. 2:9, 12-15, 20, 12:7-17; 13:14, 18:21-23, 19:20, 20:3-10)


4:15 But (de) being true ones (alētheuontes), in (en) love (agapē) may we grow (auxēsōmen) into (eis) him (auton) [in] all the things (ta panta), who (hos) is (estin) the (hē) head (kephalē), Christ (Christos);


4:16 out (ek) of whom (hou) all (pan) the (to) body (sōma) being called to join together (sunarmologoumenon), and (kai) being made to come together (sumbibazomenon) through (dia) the (tēs) choreography (epichorēgias) of every (pasēs) joint (haphēs), down according to (kat’) [the] measure (metrō) of energy (energeian) in (en) each (hekastou) single (henos) part (merous), in (en) love (agapē) causes itself to make (poieitai) the (tēn) growth (auxēsin) of the (tou) body (sōmatos) of itself (heautou) into (eis) a domed-roof house3619 (oikodomēn)!


(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, His new holy place under His new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as His new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with His own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)


4:17 Therefore (oun), this (touto) I say (legō) and (kai) witness (marturomai) in (en) [the] lord (kuriō):


You (humas) [are] no longer (mēketi) to walk around (peripatein) down according to as (kathōs) the (ta) ethnic groups (ethnē) also (kai) walk around (peripatei), in (en) [the] emptiness (mataiotēti) of the (tou) minds (noos) of them (autōn),


4:18 they being (ontes) ones having been darkened (eskotōmenoi) [in] the (tē) thought (dianoia) [of them];


[they being] ones having been alienated from (apēllotriōmenoi) the (tēs) life (zōēs) of the (tou) God (theou) through (dia) the (tēn) ignorance (agnoian) [of them];


the (tēn) [ignorance] being (ousan) in (en) them (autois) through (dia) the (tēn) hardness (pōrōsin) of the (tēs) heart (kardias) of them (autōn);


4:19 [they being] some who (hoitines), having put away remorse (apēlgēkotes), passed themselves aside (paredōkan heautous) to the (tē) [life of] unrestrained excess (aselgeia), into (eis) [the] work (ergasian) of every (pasēs) unclean thing (akatharsias), in (en) covetousness (pleonexia).


4:20 But (de) you (humeis) have absolutely not learned (ouch emathete) thusly (houtōs) the (ton) Christ (Christon),


4:21 if (ei) indeed (ge) you heard (ēkousate) him (auton), and (kai) were taught (edidachthēte) in (en) him (autō), down according to as (kathōs) [the] Truth (alētheia) is (estin) in (en) the (tō) Jesus (Iēsou)!


(For all those who have received a new birth above in God’s promised gift of His paternal holy Spirit (Lev. 26:11-12; John 3:3-8; Acts 1:4; 2 Cor. 6:16-18; *1 Pet. 1:23), and for those paternal sons being taught by God (YHWH) Himself, see Isa. 54:13; Jer. 31:31-34; Luke 12:12; John 5:19-20, 6:45, 14:26, 15:26, 16:13-14; 1 Cor. 1:4-8, 12:8; 2 Cor. 5:19; Gal. 1:12; Eph. 4:20-21; 1 Thes. 4:9; Heb. 8:8-12, 10:16-17; 1 John 2:27, 5:20)


4:22 You (humas) [are] to cause yourselves to put away (apothesthai), down according to (kata) the (tēn) previous (proteran) behavior (anastrophēn), the (ton) old (palaion) mortal (anthrōpon), the one (ton) being corrupted (phtheiromenon) down on account (kata) of the (tēs) deceitfulness (apatēs) of the (tas) lusts (epithumias).


4:23 But (de) the (tō) spirit (pneumati) of the (tou) mind (noos) of you (humōn) [is] to be renewed up (ananeousthai);


4:24 and (kai) [you are] to drop yourselves into (endusasthai) [the behavior] of the (ton) new (kainon) mortal (anthrōpon), the one (ton) having been created (ktisthenta) down according to (kata) God (theon), in (en) to righteousness (dikaiosunē), and (kai) to holiness (hosiotēti) of the (tēs) Truth (alētheias).


4:25 Through which (dio), you having putting away (apothemenoi) the (to) falsehood (pseudos), each one (hekastos) speak (laleite) truth (alētheian) with (meta) the (tou) neighborly one (plēsion) of him (autou), because (hoti) we are (semen) members (melē) of one another (allēlōn).


4:26 Do not sin (mē hamartanete) and (kai) be made angry (orgizesthe).


Do not (mē) [let] the (ho) sun (hēlios) sink (epiduetō) upon (epi) the (tō) side-anger (parorgismō) of you (humōn).


4:27 But (de) do not give (mē didote) a place (topon) to the (tō) diabolical one (diabolō).


4:28 The one (ho) stealing (kleptōn), steal (kleptetō) no longer (mēketi)!  


But (de) [do] more (mallon) labor (kopiatō), he causing himself to work (ergazomenos) the (tais) hands (chersin) [of him] for his own things (idiais);


in order that (hina) he may have (echē) the (to) good thing (agathon) to share together with (metadidonai) the one (tō) having (echonti) need (chreian)!


(For examples of the apostle, prophets, evangelists, pastors, teachers, and disciples of Christ Jesus NOT selling or bartering the knowledge and things of God for personal gain, or of NOT accepting money or personal gifts for themselves, but rather working with their own hands to provide for their own personal necessary needs, see Mat. 5:42-48, 10:8; Luke 7:19-22, 41-43; Acts 8:9-24, 18:1-3, 20:33-35; Rom. 3:24, 8:32; 1 Cor. 2:12, 4:12, 4:1-13, 9:3-23, 16:1-4; 2 Cor. 11:7; Eph. 4:28; 1 Thes. 4:11-12; 2 Thes. 3:6-12; 1 Tim. 3:3; Titus 1:11; 3 John 1:6-7; Rev. 21:6, 22:17)


4:29 Do not cause to go out (mē ekporeuesthō) every (pas) rotten (sapros) word (logos) out (ek) of the (tou) mouth (stomatos) of you (humōn).


BUT (alla), if (ei) [there be] any (tis) good (agathos) [word, let it go out] toward (pros) [the building] of a domed-roof house3619 (oikodomēn), [toward] the (tēs) need (chreias) [of it], in order that (hina) it may give (dō) a gracious thing (charin) to the (tois) ones hearing (akouousin)!


4:30 And (kai) do not grieve (mē lupeite) the (to) Spirit (pneuma), the (to) holy one (hagion) of the (tou) God (theou), in (en) to which (hō) you were sealed (esphragisthēte) into (eis) a day (hēmeran) of redemption (apolutrōseōs).


4:31 [Let] all (pasa) bitterness (pikria), and (kai) passion (thumos), and (kai) anger (orgē), and (kai) shouting (kraugē), and (kai) blasphemy (blasphēmia) be removed (arthētō) from (aph’) you (humōn), together with (sun) all (pasē) malice (kakia).


4:32 But (de) cause yourselves to become (ginesthe) unto (eis) one another (allēlous) benevolent ones (chrēstoi), well-spleened ones4698 (eusplanchnoi), causing yourselves to be ones gracious (charizomenoi) to yourselves (heautois), down according to as (kathōs) the (ho) God (theos) also (kai) caused Himself to be gracious (echarisato) to you (humin), in (en) Christ (Christō).


(well-spleened ones - Our equivalent Western idiom is tender-hearted.  See 1 Pet. 3:8 also.  To have good will toward one another, Luke 2:14)