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1 CORINTHIANS

 

Chapter 12

 

12:1 But (de) about (peri) the (tōn) Spirit-based things (pneumatikōn), brothers (adelphoi), I absolutely do not desire (ou thelō) you (humas) to be ignorant (agnoein)!

 

12:2 You have seen (oidate) that (hoti) when (hote) you were being (ēte) ethnic groups (ethnē) toward (pros) the (ta) idols (eidōla), the (ta) voiceless ones (aphōna), perhaps (an) as often as (hōs) you were being led (ēgesthe) you were being led away (apagomenoi);

 

12:3 through which (dio) I make known (gnōrizō) to you (humin) that (hoti) absolutely not one (oudeis) speaking (lalōn) in (en) Spirit (pneumati) of God (theou) says (legei), “A cursed-up one (anathema) [is] Jesus (Iēsous)!”

 

And (kai) absolutely not one (oudeis) can inherently power himself (dunatai) to enunciate (eipein), “Lord (kurios) Jesus (Iēsous),” if (ei) not (mē) [enunciating] in (en) holy (hagiō) Spirit (pneumati)!

 

(For the normal and common practice of the church to speak in tongues to pray to God, see Mark 16:17; Acts 2:4-11, 10:46, 19:6; Rom. 8:26-27; 1 Cor. 12:3, 30, 13:1, 14:2-28, 39; Eph. 6:18; Col. 4:3; Jude 1:20)

 

12:4 But (de) there are (eisin) distributions (diaireseis) of gracious gifts (charismatōn), but (de) the (to) same (auto) Spirit (pneuma).

 

12:5 And (kai) there are (eisin) distributions (diaireseis) of ministries (diakoniōn), and (kai) the (ho) same (autos) lord (kurios).

 

12:6 And (kai) there are (eisin) distributions (diaireseis) of energizings (energēmatōn), but (de) the (ho) same (autos) God (theos), the one (ho) energizing (energōn) all (panta) the (ta) [energizings] in (en) all (pasin)

 

(For the Spirit of God being in Christ, and the Spirit of Christ being in those who believe upon his name, making them more than conquerors now, see Mat. 10:25; Acts 1:4-8; Rom. 8:9-11, 37; 1 Cor. 12:6; 2 Cor. 2:14, 13:3-5; Gal. 1:16; Eph. 1:19-20, 4:13, 6:13-18; Php. 2:13, 4:13; Col. 1:27-29; 1 Thes. 2:13; 2 Tim. 1:7; 1 John 4:4, 5:4-5)

 

From a broad scope of verse 6:

 

“all things” (panta)

            - distributions of gracious things (charismata), v. 4

            - distributions of ministeries  (diakonian), v. 5

            - distributions of energizings (energematon), v. 6

 

“in all” (en pasin)

 - “in you all” (humas), v. 1, which refers back to the “church of God in Corinth” of chap. 1 verse 2.

 

To a narrow scope in verse 7:

 

Now the passage changes from a broad scope of “all things” (panta) “in all” (en pasin) in verse 6, to a more narrow scope of “each one” (hekasto) in verse 7.

 

12:7 But (de) to each one (hekastō) is given (didotai) the (hē) manifestation (phanerōsis) of the (tou) Spirit (pneumatos), toward (pros) [the sake] of the (to) [manifestation] being mutually beneficial (sumpheron).

 

The narrower scope of verse 7:

 

each one” (hekasto), v.7, of the “all” (pasin) of v. 6.

 

“each one" (each member of the body) in verses 7 and 11 can bring forth manifestations (phanerosis) of the Spirit in specific ways, for mutual benefit.  These two concepts are summarized in verse 12.

 

Introduction to the nine manifestations, which "each one" (hekasto) can manifest:

 

12:8a Because (gar) truly (men), to the one (ho) a Word (logos) of wisdom (sophias) is given (didotai) through (dia) the (tou) Spirit (pneumatos)!

 

12:8b But (de) to another (allō) a Word (logos) of knowledge (gnoseos) [is given, v7, 8a], down on account (kata) of the (to) same (auto) Spirit (pneuma).

 

(For all those who have received a new birth above in God’s promised gift of His paternal holy Spirit (Lev. 26:11-12; John 3:3-8; Acts 1:4; 2 Cor. 6:16-18; *1 Pet. 1:23), and for those paternal sons being taught by God (YHWH) Himself, see Isa. 54:13; Jer. 31:31-34; Luke 12:12; John 5:19-20, 6:45, 14:26, 15:26, 16:13-14; 1 Cor. 1:4-8, 12:8; 2 Cor. 5:19; Gal. 1:12; Eph. 4:20-21; 1 Thes. 4:9; Heb. 8:8-12, 10:16-17; 1 John 2:27, 5:20)

 

12:9a To one of another kind (heterō) belief (pistis) [is given, v7, 8a], in (en) the (tō) same (autō) Spirit (pneumati).

 

12:9b But (de) to another (allō) gracious gifts (charismata) of healings (iamatōn) [are given, v7, 8a], in (en) the (tō) one (heni) Spirit (pneumati).

 

12:10a But (de) to another (allō) energizings (energēmata) of works of inherent power (dunameōn) [are given, v7, 8a].

 

12:10b But (de) to another (allō) prophecy (prophēteia) [is given, v7, 8a].

 

12:10c But (de) to another (allō) thorough judgements (diakriseis) of spirits (pneumatōn) [are given, v7, 8a]. 

 

12:10d To one of another kind (heterō) genera (genē) of tongues (glōssōn) [are given, v7, 8a]. 

 

12:10e But (de) to another (allō) interpretation (hermēneia) of tongues (glōssōn) [are given, v7, 8a].

 

12:11 But (de) the (to) one (hen) and (kai) the (to) same (auto) Spirit (pneuma) energizes (energei) all (panta) of these (tauta) [manifestations, v7], distributing (diairoun) to each one (hekastō) his own (idia) [manifestation], down as (kathos) [each one] causes himself to wish (bouletai).

 

12:12 Because (gar) so be it down as (kathaper) the (to) body (sōma) is (estin) one (hen) and (kai) holds (echei) many (polla) members (melē), but (de) all (panta) the (ta) members (melē) of the (tou) body (sōmatos) being (onta) many (polla) are (estin) one (hen) body (sōma), thusly (houtōs) [is] the (ho) Christ (Christos) also (kai).

 

12:13 Because (gar) in (en) one (heni) Spirit (pneumati) also (kai) we (hēmeis) all (pantes) were baptized (ebaptisthēmen) into (eis) one (hen) body (sōma), whether (eite) Judeans (Ioudaioi), whether (eite) Hellenes (Hellēnes), whether (eite) slaves (douloi), whether (eite) free ones (eleutheroi).  

 

And (kai) all (pantes) were caused to drink (epotisthēmen) one (hen) Spirit (pneuma).

 

12:14 And (kai) because (gar) the (to) body (sōma) is (estin) absolutely not (ouk) one (hen) member (melos), BUT (alla), many (polla),

 

12:15 if perhaps (ean) the (ho) foot (pous) may enunciate (eipē), “Because (hoti) I am (eimi) absolutely not (ouk) a hand (cheir), I am (eimi) absolutely not (ouk) out (ek) of the (tou) body (sōmatos)!”, absolutely not (ou) beside (para) this (touto), is (estin) [the foot] absolutely not (ouk) out (ek) the (tou) body (sōmatos)!?

 

12:16 And (kai) if perhaps (ean) the (to) ear (ous) may enunciate (eipē), “Because (hoti) I am (eimi) absolutely not (ouk) an eye (ophthalmos), I am (eimi) absolutely not (ouk) out (ek) of the (tou) body (sōmatos)!”, absolutely not (ou) beside (para) this (touto), is (estin) [the ear] absolutely not (ouk) out (ek) of the (tou) body (sōmatos)!?

 

12:17 If (ei) the (to) whole (holon) body (sōma) [was] an eye (ophthalmus), [from] of where (pou) [is] the (hē) hearing (akoē)?

 

If (ei) [the] whole (holon) [body was] hearing (akoē), [from] of where (pou) [is] the (hē) smelling (osphrēsis)?

 

12:18 But (de) now, at this moment (nuni), the (ho) God (theos) caused Himself to place (etheto) the (ta) members (melē), each (hekaston) one (hen) of them (autōn), in (en) to the (tō) body (sōmati) down according to as (kathōs) He desired (ēthelēsen)!

 

12:19 But (de) if (ei) the (ta) [body] was being (ēn) all (panta) one (hen) member (melos), [from] of where (pou) [is] the (to) body (sōma)?

 

12:20 But (de) now (nun), truly (men), [there are] many (polla) members (melē) but (de) one (hen) body (sōma)!

 

12:21 But (de) the (ho) eye (ophthalmos) can absolutely not inherently power itself (ou dunatai) to enunciate (eipien) to the (tē) hand (cheiri), “I absolutely do not have (ouk echō) a need (chreian) of you (sou)!”;

 

or (ē) again (palin) the (hē) head (kephalē) to the (tois) feet (posin), “I absolutely do not have (ouk echō) a need (chreian) of you (humōn)!”

 

12:22 BUT (alla), the (ta) member (melē) of the (tou) body (sōmatos) concluding (dokounta) to begin to be a disabled subordinate one (asthenestera huparchein) is (estin) a necessary one (anankaia) much (pollō) more (mallon)!

 

12:23 And (kai) those (ha) [members] of the (tou) body (sōmatos) we conclude (dokoumen) to be (einai) unesteemed (atimotera), to these (toutois) we place around (peritithemen) [them] more abundant (perissoteran) highly esteemed value (timēn).

 

And (kai) of the (ta) indecent (aschēmona) [members] of us (hēmōn), [each one] has (echei) more abundant (perissoteran) well-planning (euschēmosunēn).

 

12:24 But (de) of the (ta) virtuous (euschēmona) [members] of us (hēmōn), [each one] absolutely does not have (ou echei) a need (chreian)!

 

BUT (alla), the (ho) God (theos) has amalgamated together (sunekerasen) the (to) body (sōma), He having given (dous) more abundant (perissoteran) highly esteemed value (timēn) to the (tō) [member] lacking (husteroumenō);

 

12:25 in order that (hina) there may not be (mē ē) a schism (schisma) in (en) the (tō) body (sōmati), BUT (alla), the (ta) members (melē) may worry (merimnōsin) the (to) same (auto) over (huper) one another (allēlōn)!

 

(For the teachings and ministry of Jesus Christ affecting division among the people of Israel, see Mat. 3:10-12, 10:34-39; Luke 2:34, 3:9, 16-17, 12:49-53; John 7:43, 9:16, 10:19, 15:6; 2 Thes. 1:8-9; Heb. 1:7; and division among the ethnic groups, see 1 Cor. 1:10-11, 11:18-19, 12:25)   

 

12:26 And (kai) whether (eite) one (hen) member (melos) suffers (paschei), of all (panta) the (ta) members (melē) [each one] suffers together with (sumpaschei) [it];

 

whether (eite) one (hen) member (melos) is glorified (doxazetai), of all (panta) the (ta) members (melē) [each one] rejoices together with (sunchairei) [it]!

 

12:27 But (de) you (humeis) are (este) [the] body (sōma) of Christ (Christou), and (kai) members (melē) out (ek) of a part (merous) [of it],

 

12:28 and (kai) [out of parts] of which (hous), truly (men), the (ho) God (theos) caused Himself to place (etheto) in (en) to the (tē) assembly (ekklēsia):

 

(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, His new holy place under His new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as His new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with His own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)

 

First (prōton), [a part of the body is amalgamated out] of apostles (apostolous);

 

second (deuteron), [a part of the body is amalgamated out] of prophets (prophētas);

 

third (triton), [a part of the body is amalgamated out] of teachers (didaskalous);

 

thereupon (epeita) of ones of inherently powered works (dunameis);

 

thereupon (epeita) of ones of gracious gifts (charismata) of healings (iamatōn);

 

of ones of receptionists (antilēmpseis);

 

of ones of directors (kubernēseis);

 

of ones of genera (genē) of tongues (glōssōn)!

 

12:29 All (pantes) [are] not (mē) apostles (apostoloi)

 

All (pantes) [are] not (mē) prophets (prophētai)

 

All (pantes) [are] not (mē) teachers (didaskaloi)

 

All (pantes) [are] not (mē) ones of inherently powered works (dunameis)?

 

12:30 All (pantes) do not have (mē echousin) gracious gifts (charismata) of healings (iamatōn)!  

 

All (pantes) do not speak (mē lalousin) tongues (glōssais)

 

All (pantes) do not interpret (mē diermēneuousin)!

 

(For the normal and common practice of the church to speak in tongues to pray to God, see Mark 16:17; Acts 2:4-11, 10:46, 19:6; Rom. 8:26-27; 1 Cor. 12:3, 30, 13:1, 14:2-28, 39; Eph. 6:18; Col. 4:3; Jude 1:20)

 

12:31 But (de) be zealous (zēloute) of the (ta) greater (meizona) of the (ta) gracious things (charismata).

 

And (kai) yet (eti) down according to (kath’) hyperbole (huperbolēn) I thoroughly show (deiknumi) a way (hodon).