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Chapter 23


Update:  20221030


Luke 23:1 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) absolutely all (hapan) of the (to) plethora (plēthos) of them (autōn) having stood up (anastan), they led (ēgagon) him (auton) over (epi) to the (ton) Pilate (Pilaton)!


Luke 23:2 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) they caused themselves to start (ērxanto) to publicly accuse (katēgorein) him (autou), saying (legontes), “We found (heuramen) this one (touton) thoroughly twisting (diastrephonta) the (to) ethnic group (ethnos) of us (hēmōn), and (kai) cutting off (kōluonta) property taxes (phorous) to be given (didonai) to Caesar (Kaisari), and (kai) saying (legonta) of himself (heauton) to be (einai) Christ (Christon), [a] king (basilea)!”


Luke 23:3 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Pilate (Pilatos) inquired (ērōtēsen) of him (auton), saying (legōn), “Are (ei) you (su) the (ho) king (basileus) of the (tōn) Judeans (Ioudaiōn)?


But (de) the (ho) [Jesus, v22:52, RE] having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), he shed light (ephē) to him (autō), “You (su) say (legeis) [it, AE]!”


Luke 23:4 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Pilate (Pilatos) enunciated (eipen) to (pros) the (tous) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (tous) crowds (ochlous), “I find (heuriskō) absolutely not one (ouden) cause (aition) [for these things, AE] in (en) the (tō) mortal (anthrōpō), this one (toutō)!”


Luke 23:5 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hoi) [chief sacrificial priests, v4, RE] were being overbearing (epischuon), saying (legontes) that (hoti), “He stirreth up (anaseiei) the (ton) people (laon), teaching (didaskōn) down through (kath’) the (tēs) whole (holēs) Judea (Ioudaias), and (kai) having caused himself to start (arxamenos) from (apo) the (tēs) Galilee (Galilaias) until (heōs) here (hōde)!”


Luke 23:6 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) Pilate (Pilatos) having heard (akousas), he inquired (epērōtēsen) if (ei) the (ho) mortal (anthrōpos) is (estin) [a] Galilaean (Galilaios).


Luke 23:7 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having experientially known (epignous) that (hoti) he is (estin) out (ek) of the (tēs) authority (exousias) of Herod (Hērōdou), he sent him up (anepempsen auton) to (pros) Herod (Hērōdēn), he (auton) also (kai) being (onta) in (en) Jerusalem (Ierosolumois) in (en) the (tais) days (hēmerais) of these things (tautais).


Luke 23:8 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Herod (Hērōdēs) having seen (idōn) the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun), he was caused to rejoice (echarē) very greatly (lian).


Because (gar) he was being (ēn) one desiring (thelōn) to see (idien) him (auton) out (ex) of [a] suitable number (hikanōn) of times (chronōn), through (dia) [the sake, AE] of to hear (akouein) about (peri) him (autou).


And (kai) he was hoping (ēlpizen) to see (idein) some (ti) sign (sēmeion) being caused to come to pass (ginomenon) under (hup’) [authority, AE] of him (autou).


Luke 23:9 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) [the Herod, v8, RE] was inquiring (epērōta) of him (auton) in (en) [a] suitable number (hikanois) of words (logois).


But (de) [the Jesus, v8, RE] caused himself to make [a] decision (apekrinato) for him (autō) for absolutely not one (ouden) [inquiry, RE]!


Luke 23:10 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hoi) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (hoi) writers (grammateis) had stood (heistēkeisan) making public accusations (katēgorountes) of him (autou) [with, AE] well-controlled tension (eutonōs).


Luke 23:11 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Herod (Hērōdēs) also (kai), together with (sun) the (tois) armies (strateumasin) of him (autou), <having rejected> him (auton) as being absolutely nothing (exouthenēsas), having put [him, RE] in [a] child’s role (empaixas), [a] shining (lampran) apparel (esthēta) having been thrown around (peribalōn) [him, RE], he sent him up (anepempsen auton) to the (tō) Pilate (Pilatō)!


Luke 23:12 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) both (te) the (ho) Herod (Hērōdēs) and (kai) the (ho) Pilate (Pilatos) caused themselves to become (egenonto) friends (philoi) with (met’) one another (allēlōn) in (en) the (tē) same (autē) day (hēmera).


Because (gar) they were previously (proupērchon) being (ontes) in (en) hatred (echthra) toward (pros) them (autous).


Luke 23:13 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) Pilate (Pilatos) having caused himself to call together (sunkalesamenos) the (tous) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (ton) chief ones (archontas), and (kai) the (ton) people (laon),


Luke 23:14 (LIT/UBS4) he enunciated (eipen) to (pros) them (autous), “You brought (prosēnenkate) to me (moi)  the (ton) mortal (anthrōpon), this one (touton), as (hōs) turning away (apostrephonta) the (ton) people (laon).


And (kai) behold (idou), I (egō) having adjudicated350 (anakrinas) [this one, RE] in sight (enōpion) of you (humōn), found (heuron) absolutely not one thing (outhen) in (en) the (tō) mortal (anthrōpō), this one (toutō), [a] cause (aition) for which (hōn) you make public accusations (katēgoreite) down against (kat’) him (autou);


Luke 23:15 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (all’), absolutely not one thing (oude)!


Because (gar) Herod (Hērōdēs) sent him up (anepempsen auton) to (pros) us (hēmas).


And (kai) behold (idou), absolutely not one thing (ouden) worthy (axion) of death (thanatou) is (estin) [an] issue having been habitually practiced (pepragmenon) [by, AE] him (autō)!


Luke 23:16-17 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), having child-trained (paideusas) him (auton), I shall send [him, RE] away (apolusō).”


Luke 23:18 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) all the fullness (pamplēthei) [of them, AE] cried up (anekragon), saying (legontes), “Remove (aire) this one (touton)!


But (de) send away (apoluson) to us (hēmin) the (ton) Barabbas (Barabban),”


Luke 23:19 (LIT/UBS4) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of whom (hostis) there was being (ēn) some (tina) insurrection (stasin) having caused itself to come to pass (genomenēn) in (en) the (tē) city (polei), and (kai) he having been thrown (blētheis) into (eis) [a] guardroom (phulakē) for [a] murder (phonon)!


Luke 23:20 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) again (palin) the (ho) Pilate (Pilatos) made [a] sound toward (prosephōnēsen) them (autois), desiring (thelōn) to send away (apolusai) the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun) [to them, RE].


Luke 23:21 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hoi) [chief sacrificial priests and the chief ones, and the people, v13, RE] were being louder (epephōnoun), saying (legontes), “Stake (staurou), stake (staurou) him (auton)!”


Luke 23:22 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) [Pilate, v20, RE] enunciated (eipen) to (pros) them (autous) [a] third (triton) [time, AE], “Because (gar) this one (houtos) did (epoiēsen) what (ti) malicious thing (kakon)?


I found (heuron) absolutely not one (ouden) cause (aition) in (en) him (autō) [worthy, v15, RE] of death (thanatou)!


Therefore (oun), having child-trained (paideusas) him (auton), I shall send [him, RE] away (apolusō)!”


Luke 23:23 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) [chief sacrificial priests and the chief ones, and the people, v13, RE] were causing themselves to lay upon (epekeinto) [him, AE] great (megalais) voices (phōnais), causing themselves to request (aitoumenoi) him (auton) to be staked (staurōthēnai).


And (kai) the (hai) voices (phōnai) of them (autōn) were being strong enough (katischuon).


Luke 23:24 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) Pilate (Pilotos) passed judgment over (epekrinen) [the Jesus, v20, RE], for the (to) request (aitēma) of them (autōn) to cause itself to come to pass (genesthai).


Luke 23:25 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) [Pilate, v24, RE] sent away (apelusen) the (ton) [Barabbas, v18, RE] [to them, AE], whom (hon) they were causing themselves to request (ētounto), he having been thrown (beblēmenon) into (eis) [a] guardroom (phulakē) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of [an] insurrection (stasin) and (kai) [a] murder (phonon).


But (de) the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun) he passed along (paredōken) to the (tō) desire (thelēmati) of them (autōn).


Luke 23:26 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) as (hōs) they led him away (apēgagon auton), they having caused themselves to take hold upon (epilabomenoi) someone (tina), Simon (Simōna), [a] Cyrenian (Kurēnaion), he being caused to come (erchomenou) from (ap’) [a] field (agrou), they put upon (epethēkan) him (autō) the (ton) stake (stauron) to bring (pherein) behind (opisthen) the (tou) Jesus (Iēsou).


Luke 23:27 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) there was following (ēkolouthei) him (autō) [a] large (polu) plethora (plēthos) of the (tou) people (laou), and (kai) females (gunaikōn), ones who (hai) were beating themselves2875 (ekoptonto) and (kai) singing [a] dirge2354 (ethrēnoun) of him (auton).


Luke 23:28 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) having been turned (strapheis) toward (pros) them (autas), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen), “Daughters (thugateres) of Jerusalem (Hierousalēm), do not weep (mē klaiete) over (ep’) [the sake, AE] of me (eme)!


Moreover (plēn), weep (klaiete) over (eph’) [the sake, AE] of yourselves (heautas), and (kai) over (epi) [the sake, AE] of the (ta) ones born (tekna) of you (humōn);


Luke 23:29 (LIT/UBS4) because (hoti) behold (idou), days (hēmerai) cause themselves to come (erchontai) in (en) which (hais) they shall state (erousin), ‘Happy ones (makariai) [are] the (hai) sterile ones (steirai), and (kai) the (hai) bellies (koiliai) which (hai) absolutely did not generate (ouk egennēsan), and (kai) breasts (mastoi) which (hoi) absolutely did not feed (ouk ethrepsan)!’


Luke 23:30 (LIT/UBS4) Then (tote) they shall cause themselves to start (arxontai) to say (legein) to the (tois) mountains (oresin), ‘Fall (peseta) upon (eph’) us (hēmas)!’, and (kai) to the (tois) hills (bounois), ‘Cover (kalupsate) us (hēmas)!’


Luke 23:31 (LIT/UBS4) Because (hoti) if (ei) they do (poiousin) these things (tauta) in (en) to the (tō) wet (hugrō) tree (xulō), what (ti) may cause itself to come to pass (genētai) [if they do these things, RE] in (en) to the (tō) dry (xērō) [tree, RE]?”


(See Psalm 1:3-6; Jer. 17:7-8)


Luke 23:32 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) ones of another kind (heteroi) also (kai), two (duo) workers of maliciousness (kakourgoi), were being led (ēgonto) together with (sun) him (autō) to be annihilated (anairethēnai).


Luke 23:33 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) when (hote) they came (ēlthon) upon (epi) the (ton) place (topon) being called aloud (kaloumenon) the (ton) [place, RE] of [a] cranium (kranion), there (ekei) they staked (estaurōsan) him (auton), and (kai) the (tous) workers of maliciousness (kakourgous), truly (men), one which (hon) [was staked, RE] out (ek) right (dexiōn), but (de) one which (hon) [was staked, RE] out (ex) left (aristerōn)!


Luke 23:34 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) was saying (elegen), “Father (pater), let it go (aphes) for them (autois).


Because (gar) they have absolutely not seen (ou oidasin) what (ti) they do (poiousin)!”


But (de) causing themselves to thoroughly divide (diamerizomenoi) the (ta) outer garments (himatia) of him (autou), they threw (ebalon) lots (klērous).


Luke 23:35 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) people (laos) had stood (heistēkei) observing (theōrōn).  


But (de) the (hoi) chief ones758 (archontes) also (kai), they were snooting out1592 (exemuktērizon), saying (legontes), “He made others whole (allous esōsen), let him make himself whole (sōsatō heauton), if (ei) this one (houtos) is (estin) the (ho) Christ (Christos) of the (tou) God (theou), the (ho) called out one (eklektos)!”


Luke 23:36 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hoi) soldiers (stratiōtai) also (kai) causing themselves to come to (proserchomenoi) him (autō), they put [him, RE] into [a] child’s role (enepaixan), bringing (prospherontes) to him (autō) wine vinegar (oxos),


Luke 23:37 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) saying (legontes), “If (ei) you (su) are (ei) the (ho) king (basileus) of the (tou) Judeans (Ioudaiōn), keep yourself whole (sōson seauton)!”


Luke 23:38 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) there was being (ēn) [an] epigraph (epigraphē) also (kai) over (ep’) him (autō), “This one (houtos) [is] the (ho) king (basileus) of the (tōn) Judeans (Ioudaiōn).”


Luke 23:39 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) one (heis) of the (tōn) workers of maliciousness (kakourgōn) having been hung (kremasthentōn), he was blaspheming (eblasphēmei) him (auton), saying (legōn), “Are (ei) you (su) absolutely not (ouchi) the (ho) Christ (Christos)!?  


Keep yourself whole (sōson seauton), and (kai) us (hēmas)!”


Luke 23:40 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), the (ho) other one (heteros) was epitomizing (epitimōn) him (autō)


He shed light (ephē), “Are you absolutely not made fearful (oude phobē su) of the (ton) God (theon);


because (hoti) you are (ei) in (en) the (tō) same (autō) judicial decision (krimati),


Luke 23:41 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) we (hēmeis) truly (men) [have been judged, AE] righteously (dikaiōs)!?


Because (gar) we receive (apolambanomen) things worthy (axia) of things which (hōn) we habitually practiced (epraxamen).


But (de) this one (houtos) habitually practiced (epraxen) absolutely not one atypical thing (ouden atopon)!”


Luke 23:42 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he was saying (elegen), “Jesus (Iēsou), be reminded (mnēsthēti) of me (mou) when perhaps (hotan) you may come (elthēs) into (eis) the (tēn) Kingdom932 (basileian) of you (sou)!”


Luke 23:43 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he enunciated (eipen) to him (autō), “Truly (amēn) I say (legō) to you (soi) today (sēmeron), you shall cause yourself to be (esē) with (met’) me (emou) in (en) the (tō) paradise (paradeisō)!"


Luke 23:44 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) it was already being (ēn ēdē) as if (hōsei) [the] sixth (hektē) hour (hōra), and (kai) darkness (skotos) caused itself to become (egeneto) over (eph’) [the] whole (holēn) of the (tēn) land (gēn) until (heōs) [the] ninth (enatēs) hour (hōras),


Luke 23:45 (LIT/UBS4) the (ho) sun (hēlios) having become exhausted (eklipontos).


And (kai) the (to) curtain (katapetasma) of the (tou) holy place (naou) was split (eschisthē) [in, AE] [the] middle (meson).


Luke 23:46 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having sounded (phōnēsas) [a] great (megalē) voice (phōnē), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen), “Father (pater), into (eis) [the] hands (cheiras) of you (sou) I pass along (paratithemai) the (to) Spirit (pneuma) of me (mou)!”


But (de) he having enunciated (eipōn) this (touto), he breathed out (exepneusen).


Luke 23:47 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) centurion (hekatontarchēs) having seen (idōn) the (to) [darkened sun, v45, RE] having caused itself to come to pass (genomenon), he was glorifying (edoxazen) the (ton) God (theon), saying (legōn), “Really (ontōs), the (ho) mortal (anthrōpos), this one (houtos), was being (ēn) [a] righteous one (dikaios)!”


Luke 23:48 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) all (pantes) the (hoi) crowds (ochloi) having caused themselves to become alongside together (sumparagenomenoi) over (epi) the (tēn) observance (theōrian) of this (tautēn), having observed (theōrēsantes) the things (ta) having caused themselves to come to pass (genomena), they were returning (hupestrephon) beating (tuptontes) the (ta) breasts (stēthē) [of them, AE].


2Luke 3:49 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) all (pantes) the (hoi) ones known (gnōstoi) to him (autō) had stood (heistēkeisan) from (apo) far off (makrothen), and (kai) females (gunaikes), the ones (hai) following together with (sunakolouthousai) him (autō) from (apo) the (tēs) Galilee (Galilaias), gazing at (horōsai) these things (tauta).


Luke 23:50 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) behold (idou) [there was, AE] [a] male (anēr), Joseph (Iōsēph) by name (onomati), [a] counselor (bouleutēs), one being under control (huparchōn), and (kai) [a] good (agathos) and (kai) [a] righteous (dikaios) male (anēr).


Luke 23:51 (LIT/UBS4) This one (houtos), from (apo) Arimathea (Harimathaias), [a] city (poleōs) of the (tōn) Judeans (Ioudaiōn), was being (ēn) one absolutely not causing himself to be placed down together with (ouk sunkatatetheimenos) the (tē) counsel (boulē) and (kai) the (tē) practice (praxei) of them (autōn), one who (hos) was causing himself to receive to himself (prosedecheto) the (tēn) Kingdom932 (basileian) of the (tou) God (theou)!


Luke 23:52 (LIT/UBS4) This one (houtos) having come to (proselthōn) Pilate (Pilatō), he caused himself to request (ētēsato) the (to) body (sōma) of the (tou) Jesus (Iēsou).


Luke 23:53 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having seized down (kathelōn) [the body, v52, RE] he rolled it in (enetulixen auto) [a] fine linen sheet (sindoni), and (kai) placed (ethēken) it (auton) in (en) [a] rock-quarried (laxeutō) memorial (mnēmati), where (hou) there was absolutely not being (ouk ēn) [a body, RE], [where, RE] absolutely not yet (oupō) absolutely not one (oudeis) was being laid (keimenos)!


Luke 23:54 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) it was being (ēn) [a] day (hēmera) of preparation (paraskeuēs), and (kai) [a] sabbath day (sabbaton) was dawning (epephōsken).


Luke 23:55 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hai) females (gunaikes), ones who (haitines) were being (ēsan) ones having come together with (sunelēluthuiai) him (autō) out (ek) of the (tēs) Galilee (Galilaias), ones having followed [him, RE] down (katakolouthēsasai), they made themselves spectators (etheasanto) of the (to) memorial (mnēmeion), and (kai) of how (hōs) the (to) body (sōma) of him (autou) was placed (etethē).


Luke 23:56 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) they having returned (hupostrepsasai), they made ready (hētoimasan) aromatics (arōmata) and (kai) myrrh ointments (mura).


And (kai), truly (men), for the (to) sabbath day (sabbaton) they refrained (hēsuchasan), down according to (kata) the (tēn) injunction (entolēn)!