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Chapter 19


19:1 And (kai) having entered in (eiselthōn), he was causing himself to come through (diērcheto) the (tēn) Jericho (Ierichō).


19:2 And (kai) behold (idou), [there was, AE] [a] man (anēr) being called aloud (kaloumenos) Zacchaeus (Zakchaios) by name (onomati)!


And (kai) he (autos) was being (ēn) [a] chief termination-tax collector5057 (architelōnēs), and (kai) he (autos) [was being, RE] [a] wealthy one (plousios).


19:3 And (kai) he was searching (ezētei) to see (idein) the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun), who (tis) he is (estin).


And (kai) he could absolutely not empower himself (ouk ēdunato) [to see, RE] from (apo) the (tou) crowd (ochlou), because (hoti) the (tē) stature (hēlikia) [of Zacchaeus, v2, RE] was being (ēn) [a] small one (mikros).


19:4 And (kai) he having run before (prodramōn) [the Jesus, v3, RE] into (eis) the (to) front (emprosthen), he stepped up (anebē) upon (epi) [a] sycamine tree (sukomorean) in order that (hina) he might see (idē) him (auton), because (hoti) he was being about (ēmellen) to cause himself to come through (dierchesthai).


19:5 And (kai) as (hōs) he came (ēlthen) upon (epi) the (ton) place (topon), having looked up (anablepsas) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen) to (pros) him (auton), “Zacchaeus, (Zakchaie), having made haste (speusas) step down (katabēthi).


Because (gar) today (sēmeron) it is necessary (dei) for me (me) to stay (meinai) in (en) the (tō) house (oikō) of you (sou)!”


19:6 And (kai) he having made haste (speusas), he stepped down (katebē).


And (kai) he caused himself to receive (hupedexato) him (auton), rejoicing (chairōn).


19:7 And (kai) all (pantes) having seen (idontes), they were murmuring through (diegongusan), saying (legontes) that (hoti), “Alongside (para) to [a] sinful (hamartōlō) male (andri) he entered in (eisēlthen) to relax (katalusai)!”


19:8 But (de) Zacchaeus (Zakchaios) having been caused to stand (statheis), he enunciated (eipen) to (pros) the (ton) lord (kurion), “Behold (idou), the (ta) half (hēmisia) of the (tōn) things being under control (huparchontōn) of me (mou), lord (kurie), I give (didōmi) to the (tois) poor ones (ptōchois)!


And (kai) if (ei) I fig informed4811 (esukophantēsa) someone (tinos) of anything (ti), I give away (apodidōmi) [to him, AE] four times more (tetraploun).”


(For who was to receive the collections, the gracious abundant sharings, like the collections from the believers in the area of Corinth, see what Christ Jesus and the apostles taught and preached, Mat. 19:20-21, 26:6-13; Mark 10:20-21, 14:3-9; Luke 4:18-19, *14:12-14, 21-22, 18:22, 19:8; John 12:3-8, 13:28-29; Acts 2:44-47; Rom. 15:26; 1 Cor. 13:3, 16:1-2; 2 Cor. 6:10, 8:9, 9:9; Gal. 2:10. )


19:9 But (de) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen) to (pros) him (auton) that (hoti), “Today (sēmeron) wholeness (sōtēria) caused itself to come to pass (egeneto) to the (tō) house (oikō), to this one (toutō), and (kai) down accordingly (kathoti), he (autos) also (kai) is (estin) [a] son (huios) of Abraham (Abraam).


19:10 Because (gar) the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) came (ēlthen) to search for (zētēsai) and (kai) to make whole (sōsai) the one (to) having been lost (apolōlos).”


19:11 But (de) of they (autōn) hearing (akouontōn) these things (tauta), he having added (prostheis) [to these things, RE], he enunciated (eipen) [a] parable (parabolēn) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of the (to) Jerusalem (Hierousalēm) to be (einai) near (engus) him (auton), and (kai) of them (autous) to conclude (dokein) that (hoti) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tou) God (theou) is necessarily about (parachrēma mellei) to show up (anaphainesthai).


19:12 Therefore (oun), he enunciated (eipen), “[A] certain (tis) mortal (anthrōpos), [a] well-begun one (eugenēs), was caused to go (eporeuthē) into (eis) [a] far (makran) country (chōran) to receive (labein) for himself (heautō) [a] kingdom932 (basileian), and (kai) to return (hupostrepsai).


(For how near is the Kingdom of the Heavens, i.e., the Kingdom of God, see Mat. 3:2, 4:17, 6:10, 10:7, 26:29; Mark 1:15, 9:1, 14:25, 43; Luke 10:9-11, *17:20-21, 19:12, 22:18, 47; 1 Cor. 6:12, 10:23, 11:25; Heb. 8:8, 9:15)


19:13 But (de) having called aloud (kalesas) ten (deka) slaves (doulous) of himself (heautou), he gave (edōken) to them (autois) ten (deka) minas (mnas), and (kai) enunciated (eipen) to (pros) them (autous), “Cause yourselves to be practical (pragmateusasthe) in (en) [the time until, AE] which (ho) I cause myself to come (erchomai).”


19:14 But (de) the (hoi) citizens (politai) of him (autou) were despising (emisoun) him (auton).


And (kai) they sent (apesteilan) [a] senior representative (presbeian) behind (opisō) him (autou), saying (legontes), ‘We absolutely do not desire (ou thelomen) this one (touton) to be king (basileusai) over (eph’) us (hēmas)!’


19:15 And (kai) it caused itself to come to pass (egeneto) in (en) the (tō) [time, AE] of him (auton) to come upon (epanelthein) [the citizens of him, v14, RE], he having received (labonta) the (tēn) kingdom932 (basileian), he enunciated (eipen) also (kai) for the (tous) slaves (doulous) to be sounded for (phōnēthēnai) for him (autō), for these (toutous) to whom (hois) he had given (dedōkei) the (to) silver (argurion), in order that (hina) he may know (gnoi) what (ti) [they worked toward, v16, RE] through causing themselves to stay busy (diepragmateusanto).


19:16 But (de) the (ho) first one (prōtos) caused himself to come (paregeneto), saying (legōn), ‘Lord (kurie), the (hē) mina (mna) of you (sou) caused itself to work for itself (prosērgasato), for ten (deka) minas (mnas)!’


19:17 And (kai) he enunciated (eipen) to him (autō), ‘Well done (euge), good (agathe) slave (doule)!


Because (hoti) in (en) [a] least thing (elachistō) you caused yourself to become (egenou) [a] believable one (pistos), be (isthi) one having (echōn) authority (exousian) over (epanō) ten (deka) cities (poleōn)!'


19:18 And (kai) the (ho) second (deuteros) came (ēlthen), saying (legōn), ‘The (hē) mina (mna) of you (sou), lord (kurie), made (epoiēsen) five (pente) minas (mnas)!’


19:19 But (de) he enunciated (eipen) to this one (toutō) also (kai), ‘You (su) also (kai), you cause yourself to become (ginou) over (epanō) five (pente) cities (poleōn)!’


19:20 And (kai) the (ho) other one (heteros) came (ēlthen), saying (legōn), ‘Lord (kurie), behold (idou), [here is, AE] the (hē) mina (mna) of you (sou) which (hēn) I was holding (eichon), having caused myself to lay it away (apokeimenēn) in (en) [a] sweat cloth (soudariō)!


19:21 Because (gar) I was being made fearful (ephoboumēn) of you (se), because (hoti) you are (ei) [an] austere (austēros) mortal (anthrōpos);


you steal (aireis) that which (ho) you absolutely did not put in place (ouk ethēkas), and (kai) you harvest (therizeis) that which (ho) you absolutely did not sow (ouk espeiras)!’


19:22 He says (legei) to him (autō), ‘Out (ek) of the (tou) mouth (stomatos) of you (sou) I shall judge (krinō) you (se), evil (ponēre) slave (doule)!


You had seen (ēdeis) that (hoti) I (egō) was (eimi) [an] austere (austēros) mortal (anthrōpos), stealing (airōn) that which (ho) I absolutely did not put in place (ouk ethēka), and (kai) harvesting (therizōn) that which (ho) I absolutely did not sow (ouk espeira)!


19:23 And (kai) through (dia) what (ti) [reason, AE] did you absolutely not give (ouk edōkas) the (to) silver (argurion) of me (mou) over (epi) [a] [money changer’s, AE] table (trapezan)!?


And I (kagō) having come (elthōn), perhaps (an) I would have habitually practiced (epraxa) it (auto) with (sun) interest (tokō)!?


19:24 And (kai) to the ones (tois) having stood alongside (parestōsin) he enunciated (eipen), ‘Remove (arate) from (ap’) him (autou) the (tēn) mina (mnan), and (kai) give (dote) [it, AE] to the one (tō) having (echonti) the (tas) ten (deka) minas (mnas).”


19:25 And (kai) they enunciated (eipan) to him (autō), ‘Lord (kurie), he has (echei) ten (deka) minas (mnas)!’


19:26 I say (legō) to you (humin), that (hoti) to everyone (panti), to the one (tō) having (echonti) [more, AE], [more, AE]shall be given (dothēsetai).


But (de) from (apo) the one (tou) not (mē) having (echontos) [more, AE], what (ho) he has (echei) shall be removed (arthēsetai) also (kai).


19:27 Moreover (plēn), the ones (tous) hated (echthrous) of me (mou), the ones (tous) having desired (thelēsantas) me (me) not (mē) to be king (basileusai) over (ep’) them (autous), lead (agagete) them (autous) here (hodē), and (kai) slaughter them down (katasphaxate autous) in front (emprosthen) of me (mou)!”


(For slaves having highly esteemed value, see Mat. 10:25, 20:25-28, 24:45-47, 25:14-30; Mark 10:42-45; Luke 7:2-10, 12:37-38, 42-44, 19:12-27; John 15:15-16; Acts 2:18; 1 Tim. 6:1; 2 Tim. 2:24.)


19:28 And (kai) he having enunciated (eipōn) these things (tauta), he was causing himself to go (eporeueto) in front (emprosthen), stepping up (anabainōn) into (eis) Jerusalem (Ierosoluma).


19:29 And (kai) it caused itself to come to pass (egeneto) as (hōs) he came near1448 (ēngisen) into (eis) Bethphage (Bēthphagē) and (kai) Bethany (Bēthania), to (pros) the (to) mountain (oros), the one (to) being called aloud (kaloumenon) [Mount, RE] of Olives (elaiōn), he sent (apesteilen) two (duo) of the (tōn) disciples (mathētōn),


19:30 saying (legōn), “Get underway (hupagete) into (eis) the (tēn) village (kōmēn) down opposite in front (katenanti) [of you, AE];


in (en) which (hē) causing yourselves to enter in (eisporeuomenoi) you shall find (heurēsete) [a] foal (pōlon) having been bound (dedemenon), upon (eph’) which (hon) absolutely not one (oudeis) mortal (anthrōpōn) sat down (ekathisen), ever at any time (pōpote)!


And (kai) you having let it loose (lusantes auton), lead (agagete) [it to me, AE].


19:31 And (kai) if perhaps (ean) someone (tis) may inquire (erōta) of you (humas), ‘Through (dia) what (ti) [reason, AE] do you loosen (luete) [the foal, v30, RE]?’ you shall state (ereite) thusly (houtōs), that (hoti), ‘The (ho) lord (kurios) has (echei) [a] need (chreian) of it (autou).’”


19:32 But (de) they having gone away (apelthontes), the ones (hoi) having been sent (apestalmenoi), they found (heuron) [[a] foal, v30, RE] down as (kathōs) he enunciated (eipen) to them (autois).


19:33 But (de) of them (autōn) loosening (luontōn) the (ton) foal (pōlon), the (hoi) lords (kurioi) of it (autou) enunciated (eipan) to (pros) them (autous), “Why (ti) do you loosen (luete) the (ton) foal (pōlon)?’


19:34 But (de) the (hoi) [disciples, v29, RE] enunciated (eipan), that (hoti), “The (ho) lord (kurios) has (echei) [a] need (chreian) of it (autou).”


19:35 And (kai) they led (ēgagon) it (auton) to (pros) the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun).


And (kai) they having flung (epiripsantes) the (ta) outer garments (himatia) of them (autōn) over (epi) the (ton) foal (pōlon), they mounted upon (epebibasan) [it, AE] the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun.


19:36 But (de) of him (autou) causing himself to go (poreuomenou), they were strewing (hupestrōnnuon) the (ta) outer garments (himatia) of them (autōn) in (en) the (tē) way (hodō).


19:37 But (de) of him (autou) coming near1448 (eggizontos) already (ēdē) to (pros) the (tē) [Jerusalem, v28, RE] for stepping down (katabasei) from the (tou) Mount (orous) of the (tou) Olives (elaiōn), absolutely all (hapan) the (to) plethora (plēthos) of the (tōn) disciples (mathētōn) caused themselves to start (ērxanto) rejoicing (chairontes), to praise (ainein) the (ton) God (theon) [with, AE] [a] great (megalē) voice (phōnē) about (peri) all (pasōn) [the] works of inherent power (dunameōn) which (hōn) they saw (eidon),


19:38 saying (legontes), “He having been eulogized (eulogēmenos) [is] the (ho) king (basileus), the one (ho) causing himself to come (erchomenos) in (en) [the] name (onomati) of [the] Lord (kuriou, YHWH)


Peace (eirēnē) in (en) heaven (ouranō), and (kai) glory (doxa) in (en) to [the] highest places (hupsistois)!”


(See Psalm 118:26)


19:39 And (kai) some (tines) of the (tōn) Pharisees (Pharisaiōn) from (apo) the (tou) crowd (ochlou) enunciated (eipan) to (pros) him (auton), “Teacher (didaskale), epitomize (epitimēson) the (tois) disciples (mathētais) of you (sou)!”


19:40 And (kai) having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen), “I say (legō) to you (humin), if perhaps (ean) these ones (houtoi) shall be silent (siōpēsousin), the (hoi) stones (lithoi) shall cry (kraxousin)!”


19:41 And (kai) as (hōs) he came near1448 (ēngisen), he having seen (idōn) the (tēn) city (polin), he wept (eklausen) over (ep’) her (autēn),


19:42 saying (legōn) that (hoti), “If (ei) you (su) also (kai) knew (egnōs) in (en) the (tē) day (hēmera), this one (tautē), the things (ta) for (pros) peace (eirēnēn) …!


But (de) for now (nun) it was hidden (ekrubē) from (apo) [the] eyes (ophthalmōn) of you (sou)!


19:43 Because (hoti) days (hēmerai) shall arrive (hēxousin) upon (epi) you (se), and (kai) the (hoi) hated ones (echthroi) of you (sou) shall throw around (parembalousin) you (soi) [a] barricade (charaka).


And (kai) they shall circle around (perikuklōsousin) you (se), and (kai) they shall hold you together (sunexousin se) from every side (pantothen).


19:44 And (kai) they shall flatten (edaphiousin) you (se), and (kai) the (ta) ones born (tekna) of you (sou) among (en) you (soi).


And (kai) they shall absolutely not leave (ouk aphēsousin) [a] stone (lithon) upon (epi) [a] stone (lithon) among (en) you (soi);


on account (anth’) of which (hōn) you absolutely did not know (ouk egnōs) the (ton) time (kairon) of the (tēs) episcopacy (episkopēs) of you (sou)!”


19:45 And (kai) he having entered in (eiselthōn) into (eis) the (to) sacred place (hieron), he caused himself to start (ērxato) to throw out (ekballein) the ones (tous) selling (pōlountas),


19:46 saying (legōn) to them (autois), “It is written (gegraptai), ‘And (kai) the (ho) house (oikos) of me (mou) shall be (estai) [a] house (oikos) of prayer of well-thankfulness to4335 (proseuchēs) [me, RE].’


But (de) you (humeis) made (epoiēsate) it (auton) [a] cave (spēlaion) of robbers (lēstōn)!”


(See Isa. 56:7; Jer. 7:11)


19:47 And (kai) he was being (ēn) one teaching (didaskōn) the (to) [city, v41, RE] down (kath’) [each, AE] day (hēmeran) in (en) the (tō) sacred place (heirō).


But (de) the (hoi) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (hoi) writers (grammateis), and (kai) the (hoi) first ones (prōtoi) of the (tou) people (laou), were searching (ezētoun) [for a time, AE] to destroy (apolesai) him (auton),


19:48 and (kai) they were absolutely not finding (ouch heuriskon) the (to) [time, AE] for what (ti) they might do (poiēsōsin);


because (gar) absolutely all (hapas) the (ho) people (laos) caused themselves to hang out (exekremato) hearing (akouōn) him (autou)!