Literal Idiomatic Translation
    Home   Translation Page




Chapter 4


Update:  2024.05.22


2 Cor. 4:1 (LIT/UBS4) Through (dia) this (touto), we having (echontes) the (tēn) ministry (diakonian) of this (tautēn), down according to as (kathōs) we have been given mercy (ēleēthēmen) we absolutely do not give in to evil (ouk enkakoumen)!


2 Cor. 4:2 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (alla), we caused ourselves to renounce (apeipametha) the (ta) hidden things (krupta) of the (tēs) shame (aischunēs):


<we are not> [brothers, v1:8, ER] walking around (mē peripatountes) in (en) shrewdness (panourgia);


<but we are not> [brothers, v1:8, ER] adulterating (mēde dolountes) the (ton) Word (logon) of the (tou) God (theou)!


BUT (alla), we are standing ourselves together with (sunistanontes heautous) [the Word of God, RE] for the (tē) manifestation (phanerōsei) of the (tēs) Truth (alētheias), to (pros) [the] conscience (suneidēsin) of all (pasan) mortals (anthrōpōn) in sight (enōpion) of the (tou) God (theou)!


2 Cor. 4:3 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) if (ei) indeed (kai) the (to) Evangelism (euangelion) of us (hēmōn) is (estin) having been covered (kekalummenon), it is (estin) having been covered (kekalummenon) among (en) the (tois) [brothers, v1:8, ER] being destroyed (apollumenois);


2 Cor. 4:4 (LIT/UBS4) among (en) [brothers, v1:8, ER] which (hois) the (ho) god (theos) of the (tou) age (aiōnos) of this (toutou) <made> the (ta) perceptions (noēmata) [of them, AE] smoky (etuphlōsen), [the perceptions, RE] of the (tōn) unbelieving (apistōn) [brothers, v1:8, ER];


into (eis) the (to) [perceptions, RE] [of them, AE] not (mē) to reflect (augasai) the (ton) illumination (phōtismon) of the (tou) Evangelism (euangeliou) of the (tēs) glory (doxēs) of the (tou) Christ (Christou), who (hos) is (estin) [an] icon (eikōn) of the (tou) God (theou).


(For the devil, the *god of this cosmos, coming to steal, kill, and destroy the assembly (ekklēsia), the one body of Christ, and all mortalkind, to cause them to wander away from the one true God and his Word, see Mat. 6:13, 13:19; Mark 1:13a, 4:15, 13:5-6; Luke 13:16, 21:8, 22:3, 31; John 8:44, 10:10a, 13:27; Acts 5:3; 1 Cor. 7:5, 31b; 2 Cor. 2:11, *4:4, 11:13-15; Gal. 1:4; Eph. 4:11-14, 6:11-16; 1 Thes. 2:17-18; 2 Thes. 2:7-12; 1 Tim. 4:1-2, 5:13-15; 2 Tim. 3:13; 1 John 3:11-13, 4:1-6, 5:19; 2 John 1:7; Rev. 2:9, 12-15, 20, 12:7-17; 13:14, 18:21-23, 19:20, 20:3-10)


(For the physical head of Jesus Christ, as well as the physical heads of all males of mortalkind, being subordinate icons of the glory of the God, see Gen. 1:26-27, 9:6; 1 Cor. 11:7; 2 Cor. 3:18, 4:4; Phil. 2:5-6; Col. 1:15, 3:10; Heb. 1:3)


2 Cor. 4:5 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) we absolutely do not preach (ou kērussomen) of ourselves (heautous), BUT (alla), [we preach, RE] of lord (kurion) Jesus (Iēsoun) Christ (Christon).


But (de) [we preach, RE] of ourselves (heautous) [as being] slaves (doulous) of you (humōn), through (dia) [the sake, AE] of Jesus (Iēsoun)!


(For apostle Paul, Timothy and Silas not introducing themselves, but introducing and preaching the Word of God of God’s love to us, through Jesus Christ, see Rom. 5:8; 2 Cor. 3:1, 4:5, 5:12)


2 Cor. 4:6 (LIT/UBS4) Because (hoti) the (ho) God (theos) [is] the one (ho) having enunciated (eipōn), “<Let> light (phōs) shine (lampsei) out (ek) of darkness (skotous), who (hos) shined (elampsen) in (en) to the (tais) hearts (kardiais) of us (hēmōn), toward (pros) [an] illumination (phōtismon) of the (tēs) knowledge (gnōseōs) of the (tēs) glory (doxēs) of the (tou) God (theou) in (en) [the] face (prosōpō) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou).


(See Gen. 1:3)


(For Jesus Christ being prophesied as a great light coming, the one who would shed light on the knowledge of God’s Word for a people being caused to sit down in darkness, see Isa. 9:1-2, 49:1-6; Mat. 4:12-16, 10:26-27; *Mark 4:21-23; Luke 1:76-79, 2:25-32, 8:16-17, 11:33, 12:1-3; John 1:1-14, 3:1-21, 8:12, 9:5, 11:9-10, 12:34-36, 41-46; Acts 13:46-47, 26:22-23; 2 Cor. 4:1-6; Eph. 5:8, 13, 14; Col. 1:12; 1 Thes. 5:5; 1 Pet. 2:9; 2 Pet. 1:19; 1 John 2:8-10.)


2 Cor. 4:7 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) we hold (echomen) the (ton) treasure (thēsauron) of this (touton) [knowledge, v6, RE] in (en) earthen (ostrakinois) vessels (skeuesin), in order that (hina) the (hē) hyperbole (huperbolē) of the (tēs) work of inherent power (dunameōs) may be (ē) of the (tou) God (theou), and (kai) absolutely not (ou) out (ex) of us (hēmōn)!


(For the God, under his new covenant, being IN believers, and he working IN and THROUGH them, see Lev. 26:11-12; Ezek. 11:19-20, 36:25-27; Mat. 13:33; Luke 17:20-21; John 3:3-8, 14:20-21, 26, 17:14-21; Rom. 8:8-11; 1 Cor. 3:16-17, 6:19-20; 2 Cor. 4:3-7, 6:14-7:1, 13:3-5, 14; Gal. 1:15-16, 2:20, 4:18-19; Eph. 2:17-22, 3:14-19; Col. 1:27; 2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. 3:6, 13:20-21; 1 John 3:23-24, 4:7-8, 15-16)


2 Cor. 4:8 (LIT/UBS4) We are being pressured (thlibomenoi) in (en) everything (panti).


BUT (all’), we are absolutely not being confined (ou stenochōroumenoi)!


BUT (all’), we are causing ourselves to be perplexed (aporoumenoi), [But, RE] absolutely not causing ourselves to be perplexed-out (ouk exaporoumenoi)!


2 Cor. 4:9 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (all’), we being pursued (diōkomenoi), we are absolutely not being let down (ouk enkataleipomenoi)!


BUT (all’), we being thrown down (kataballomenoi), we are absolutely not being destroyed (apollumenoi)!


2 Cor. 4:10 (LIT/UBS4) We are always bearing about (pantote peripherontes) the (tēn) necrosis (nekrōsin) of the (tou) Jesus (Iēsou) in (en) the (tō) body (sōmati) [of us, RE], in order that (hina) the (hē) life (zōē) also (kai) of the (tou) Jesus (Iēsou) may be manifested (phanerōthē) in (en) the (tō) body (sōmati) of us (hēmōn)!


2 Cor. 4:11 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) constantly (aei) we (hēmeis), the ones (hoi) living (zōntes), are passed aside (paradidometha) into (eis) death (thanaton) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of Jesus (Iēsoun), in order that (hina) the (hē) life (zōē) also (kai) of the (tou) Jesus (Iēsous) may be manifested (phanerōthē) in (en) the (tē) death-doomed (thnētē) flesh (sarki) of us (hēmōn)!


2 Cor. 4:12 (LIT/UBS4) And so (hōste) the (ho) death (thanatos) causes itself to energize (energeitai) in (en) us (hēmin), but (de) the (hē) life (zōē) [causes itself to energize, RE] in (en) you (humin).


2 Cor. 4:13 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) we having (echontes) the (to) same (auto) Spirit (pneuma) of the (tēs) belief (pisteōs), of the (to) [belief, RE] having been written (gegrammenon) down according to (kata), “I believed (episteusa), through which (dio) I spoke (elalēsa)”, we (hēmeis) also (kai) believe (pisteuomen), through which (dio) we speak (laloumen) also (kai).


(For one speaking, thanking, and praying to God out of one’s belief in his heart, see Psalm 116:4-10)


2 Cor. 4:14 (LIT/UBS4) We having seen (eidotes) that (hoti) the one (ho) having awoken (egeiras) the (ton) lord (kurion) Jesus (Iēsoun) shall awake (egerei) us (hēmas) also (kai) [to be] together with (sun) Jesus (Iēsou), and (kai) he shall stand [us, RE] alongside (parastēsei) together with (sun) you (humin)!


(For God calling us and standing us together with him and his son Christ Jesus, see Mat. 25:33; 2 Cor. 1:3-4, 4:14; Eph. 2:13-14; Col. 1:13, 21-22; Jude 1:24)


2 Cor. 4:15 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) all the things (tap anta) [are] through (di’) [the sake, AE] of you (humas);


in order that (hina) the (hē) grace (charis) having increased (pleonasasa) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of the (tōn) majority (pleionōn), the (tēn) thanksgiving (eucharistian) may abound (perisseusē) into (eis) the (tēn) glory (doxan) of the (tou) God (theou)!


2 Cor. 4:16 (LIT/UBS4) Through which (dio) [sake, AE] we absolutely do not give in to evil (ouk enkakoumen)


BUT (all), even (kai) if (ei) the (ho) outward (exō) mortal (anthrōpos) of us (hēmōn) is being thoroughly corrupted (diaphtheiretai), BUT (all), the (ho) inward (esō) [mortal, RE] of us (hēmōn) is freshened up (anakainoutai) day (hēmera) and (kai) day (hēmera)!


2 Cor. 4:17 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) the (to) momentary (parautika) <sic> light (elaphron) [weight, RE] of the (tēs) mental pressure (thlipseōs) of us (hēmōn), down according to (kath') hyperbole (huperbolēn) into (eis) hyperbole (huperbolēn), causes itself to work down (katergazetai) to us (hēmin) [an] ageless (aiōnion) weight (baros) of glory (doxēs).


2 Cor. 4:18 (LIT/UBS4) We (hēmōn) are not scoping in on (mē skopountōn) the things (ta) being seen (blepomena), BUT (alla), the things (ta) not (mē) being seen (blepomena)!


Because (gar) the things (ta) being seen (blepomena) [are] for the time (proskaira) [being], but (de) [the things, RE] not (mē) being seen (blepomena) [are] ageless (aiōnia).