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Chapter 1


Update:  2024.01.17


1 Pet. 1:1 (LIT/UBS4) Peter (Petros), [an] apostle (apostolos) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), to called out (eklektois) sojourners (parepidēmois) of [the] dispersion (diasporas), of Pontus (Pontou), of Galatia (Galatias), of Cappadocia (Kappadokias), of Asia (Asias), and (kai) of Bithynia (Bithunias),


1 Pet. 1:2 (LIT/UBS4) down according to (kata) [the] foreknowledge (prognōsin) of God (theou), [the] Father (patros), making [you, AE] holy (hagiasmō) in (en) Spirit (pneumatos), and (kai) [in, AE] [the] sprinkling (rhantismon) of [the] blood (haimatos) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), into (eis) attentive hearing (hupakoēn),


grace (charis) to you (humin), and (kai) peace (eirēnē).


May it be made full (plēthuntheiē).


1 Pet. 1:3 (LIT/UBS4) Eulogized (eulogētos) [is] the (ho) God (theos) and (kai) Father (patēr) of the (tou) lord (kuriou) of us (hēmōn), Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou);


(For who is Jesus Christ’s God, see Mat. 27:46; Mark 15:34; John 20:17; Rom. 15:6; Heb. 1:9; 1 Pet. 1:3; Rev. 3:2, 12)


the (ho) [God and Father, RE], down on account (kata) of the (to) great (polu) mercy (eleos) of him (autou), having generated us above (anagennēsas hēmas) into (eis) [a] living (zōzan) hope (elpida), through (di’) [the] standing up (anastaseōs) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou) out (ek) of dead ones (nekrōn);


(For God boasting of his mercy see Mat. 9:13; Hos. 6:6; Exod. 15:13, *25:21-22; Psalm 103:11, 17; Mat. 5:7, 12:7, 23:23; Luke 1:50-54, 72, 78; Rom. 9:15; Eph. 2:4; Tit. 3:5; 1 Pet. 1:3)


1 Pet. 1:4 (LIT/UBS4) [he having generated us above, v3, RE] into (eis) [an] incorruptible (aphtharton) inheritance (klēronomian), and (kai) [into, ER] [an] uncontaminated one (amianton), and (kai) [into, ER] [an] unfading one (amaranton), [an] inheritance, RE] having been watchfully kept (tetērēmenēn) in (en) [the] heavens (ouranois);


1 Pet. 1:5 (LIT/UBS4) [[an] inheritance, v4, RE] into (eis) you (humas), the ones (tous) being watchfully kept (phrouroumenous) in (en) [the] inherent power (dunamin) of God (theou), through (dia) belief (pisteōs) [of you, AE] into (eis) wholeness (sōtērian);


[[an] inheritance into the ones, v4, RE] ready (hetoimēn) to be revealed (apokaluphēnai) in (en) [the] last (eschatō) time (kairō);


1 Pet. 1:6 (LIT/UBS4) in (en) which (hō) [inheritance, v4, RE] cause yourselves to jump for joy (agalliasthe)!


If (ei) at this time (arti), for [a] little (oligon) [time, AE], you having been grieved (lupēthentes) in (en) various (poikilois) tests (peirasmois), it is (estin) being required (deon);


1 Pet. 1:7 (LIT/UBS4) in order that (hina) the (to) proof (dokimion) of the (tēs) belief (pisteōs) of you (humōn) [is] one of very valuable (polutimoteron) gold (chrusiou), of the (tou) [gold, RE] causing itself to be lost (apollumenou)!


But (de) [the belief of you, RE] being proved (dokimazomenou) though (dia) fire (puros), it may be found (heurethē) [to be] into (eis) praise (epainon), and (kai) glory (doxan) and (kai) honor (timēn), in (en) [the] revelation (apokalupsei) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou),


(For the revealing by fire of those who are and who are not righteous, see Dan. 3; Mat. 3:10-12, 7:19, *13:24-51; Luke 3:9, 16-17, 12:49; John 15:6; Rom. 1:18; *1 Cor. 3:12-15; 2 Thes. 1:7-9; Heb. 10:26-29, 12:18; 1 Pet. 1:5-7; 2 Pet. 3:7-12; Jude 1:5-7; Rev. 8:5-11, 9:13-21; 14:18-20, 16:8-9, 17:16, *18:1-24, 20:7-15)


1 Pet. 1:8 (LIT/UBS4) whom (hon) having absolutely not seen (ouk idontes), you love (agapate);


into (eis) whom (hon), at this time (arti), you are not gazing (mē horōntes)!


But (de) believing (pisteuontes), cause yourselves to jump for joy (agalliasthe), [a] joy (chara) unable to be spoken out (aneklalētō)!


And (kai) he having been glorified (dedoxasmenē),


(See Mark 16:19; John 7:39, 13:32; Acts 2:33; Heb. 12:2; 1 Pet. 1:8)


1 Pet. 1:9 (LIT/UBS4) you are providing for yourselves (komizomenoi) the (to) completion (telos) of the (tēs)  belief (pisteōs), [the] wholeness (sōtērian) of [the] souls (psuchōn) of you (humōn);


1 Pet. 1:10 (LIT/UBS4) about (peri) which (hēs) wholeness (sōtērias) the (hoi) prophets (prophētai) sought out (exezētēsan), and (kai) searched out (exēraunēsan), about (peri) the (tēs) grace (charitos) having been prophesied (prophēteusantes) into (eis) you (humas);


1 Pet. 1:11 (LIT/UBS4) they searching (eraunōntes) into (eis) what (tina), or (ē) which (poion), time (kairon) was being made obvious (edēlou) for the (to) Spirit (pneuma) of Christ (Christou) [to be] in (en) them (autois);


[the Spirit of Christ, RE] being caused to witness before (promarturomenon) of the (ta) sufferings (pathēmata) in (eis) Christ (Christon), and (kai) with (meta) [the coming to pass, AE] of these (tauta) the (tas) glorious things (doxas);


(For the Word witnessing before see Psalms 2, 16, 22, 30, 69, 78; Prov. 8; Isa. 49:1-6; Isa. 50, 61; Rom. 15:3; 1 Pet. 1:10-11, 20)


1 Pet. 1:12 (LIT/UBS4) to whom (hois) it was revealed (apekaluphthē) that (hoti) absolutely not (ouch) to themselves (heautois) but (de) to you (humin) they were ministering (diēkonoun) them (auta);


which things (ha) are reported up (anēngelē) to you (humin) now (nun), through (dia) the ones (tōn) having evangelized themselves (euangelisamenōn) for you (humas) in (en) holy (hagiō) Spirit (pneumati), it having been sent (apostalenti) from (ap’) heaven (ouranou);


into (eis) which things (ha) messengers (angeloi) lust (epithumousin) to bend alongside3879 (parakupsai)!


1 Pet. 1:13 (LIT/UBS4) Through which (dio) [sake, AE], you having dressed up (anazōsamenoi) the (tas) loins (osphuas) of the (tēs) thought (dianoias) of you (humōn), be sober ones (nēphontes).


Hope (elpisate) completely (teleiōs) over (epi) [the sake, AE] of the (tēn) grace (charin) being brought (pheromenēn) to you (humin), in (en) [a] revelation (apokalupsei) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou).


(For apostle Paul, and other apostles, receiving revelation from Christ Jesus for much of what they preached and taught, see Luke 2:32; Rom. 16:25-27; 1 Cor. 1:4-8; 2 Cor. 12:1; Gal. 1:12, 2:1-2; Eph. 3:3; 1 Pet. 1:13; Rev. 1:1-2.)


1 Pet. 1:14 (LIT/UBS4) As (hōs) ones born (tekna) of attentive hearing (hupakoēs), do not be scheming yourselves together with (mē suschēmatizomenoi) the (tais) previous (proteron) lusts (epithumiais), in (en) the (tē) ignorance (agnoia) of you (humōn).


1 Pet. 1:15 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (alla), down on account (kata) of the (ton) holy one (hagion) having called you aloud (kalesanta humas), you be caused to become (genēthēte) holy ones (hagioi) yourselves (autoi) also (kai), in (en) every (pasē) behavior (anastrophē)!


1 Pet. 1:16 (LIT/UBS4) Through the reason that (dioti) it has been written (gegraptai), that (hoti) “You shall cause yourselves to be (esesthe) holy ones (hagioi), because (hoti) I (egō) am being (eimi) [a] holy one (hagios).”


(See Lev. 11:44-45, 19:2, 20:7)


1 Pet. 1:17 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) if (ei) you cause yourselves to call aloud upon (epikaleisthe) [the] Father (patera), the one (ton) judging (krinonta) down according to (kata) the (to) work (ergon) of each (hekastou) without taking at face value (aprosōpolēmptōs), cause yourselves to turn up390 (anastraphēte) in (en) fear (phobō) [in, RE] the (ton) time (chronon) of the (tēs) side-housing3941 (paroikias) of you (humōn);


1 Pet. 1:18 (LIT/UBS4) you having seen (eidotes) that (hoti) you were absolutely not redeemed (ou elutrōthēte) for corruptible things (phthartois), for silver (arguriō), or (ē) for gold (chrusiō), out (ek) of the (tēs) empty (mataias) behavior (anastrophēs) of you (humōn) given alongside of the fathers (patroparadotou) [of you, v17, RE],


1 Pet. 1:19 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (alla), for highly valued (timiō) blood (haimati) of Christ (Christou), [blood, RE] as (hōs) of [an] unblemished (amōmou) and (kai) unstained (aspilou) lamb (amnou)!


1 Pet. 1:20 (LIT/UBS4) Truly (men), [[the] Christ, v19, RE] was being known before (proegnōsmenou), before/since (pro) [a/the] downthrow (katabolēs) of [the] cosmos (kosmou); 


(See verses 10-11)


but (de) he having been manifested (phanerōthentos) upon (ep’) [the] last (eschatou) of the (tōn) times (chronōn) through (di’) [the sake, AE] of you (humas);


(For the Word witnessing before see Psalms 2, 16, 22, 30, 69, 78; Prov. 8; Isa. 49:1-6; Isa. 50, 61; Rom. 15:3; 1 Pet. 1:10-11, 20)


(For the Word’s heavenly pre-existence as a spirit-based being see Prov. 8:22-31; Dan. 3:25-28; John 1:1-2, 14, 30, 3:13, 31, 6:33, 38, 41, 50-51, 58-62, 8:23-26, 58, 13:3, 16:27-30, 17:5-8, 24; Rom. 8:29; 1 Cor. 10:4, 9, 15:47; Gal. 4:1-5; Eph. 4:8-10, Phil. 2:6-7; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-6, 3:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; 1 John 1:2; Rev. 3:14)


1 Pet. 1:21 (LIT/UBS4) through (di’) [the sake, AE] of the (tous) believable ones (pistous) of him (autou) [believing, v8-9, RE] into (eis) God (theon), the (ton) [God, RE] having awakened (egeiranta) him (auton) out (ek) of dead ones (nekrōn), and (kai) having given (donta) glory (doxan) to him (autō)!


And so (hōste) [is] the (tēn) belief (pistin) of you (humōn), and (kai) hope (elpida) to be (einai) into (eis) God (theon);


1 Pet. 1:22 (LIT/UBS4) the (tas) souls (psuchas) of you (humōn) having been pardoned (hēgnikotes) in (en) to the (tē) attentive hearing (hupakoē) of the (tēs) Truth (alētheias);


into (eis) brotherly love (philadelphian) without acting (anupokriton);


[into, RE] love (agapēsate) of one another (allēlous) stretched outwardly (ektenōs), out (ek) of [a] cleansed (katharas) heart (kardias).


1 Pet. 1:23 (LIT/UBS4) You having been generated above (anagegennēmenoi), absolutely not (ouk) out (ek) of [a] corruptible (phthartēs) spore (sporas), BUT (alla), [out, RE] of [an] incorruptible (aphthartou) [spore, RE], through (dia) [a/the] living (zōntos) and (kai) remaining (menontos) Word (logou) of God (theou);


(For ones being born of the seed of the God, God’s Spirit, see Gal. 5:5; 1 John 3:9; 1 Pet. 1:23)


(For what the God planned before ages of times, and promised to the Word before it became flesh, that God would not allow his body, after it became flesh, to remain in the grave to decay into a thorough disintegration, see Psalm 16:8-11, 30:1-12, 69:1-36; Isa. 53; Acts 2:25-28, 13:32-37; Rom. 2:7-9, 16:25-27; 1 Cor. 15:42-49; Eph. 1:3-14, 6:24; 2 Tim. 1:8-12; 1 Pet. 1:17-23.)


1 Pet. 1:24 (LIT/UBS4) through the reason that (dioti) every (pasa) flesh (sarx) [is] as (hōs) fodder (chortos), and (kai) every (pasa) glory (doxa) of it (autēs) [is] as (hōs) [a] flower (anthos) of pasturage (chortou)!


The (ho) fodder (chortos) was dried out (exēranthē), and (kai) the (to) flower (anthos) fell out (exepesen)!


1 Pet. 1:25 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (to) statement (rhēma) of [the] lord (kuriou) remains (menei) into (eis) the (ton) age (aiōna).


But (de) this (touto) is (estin) the (to) statement (rhēma), the one (to) having been evangelized (euangelisthen).