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Chapter 13


13:1 In (en) the (tē) day (hēmera) of that (ekeinē), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) having come out (exelthōn) of the (tēs) house (oikias), he was causing himself to sit down (ekathēto) alongside (para) the (tēn) sea (thalassan).


13:2 And (kai) many (polloi) crowds (ochloi) were caused to be brought together (sunēchthēsan) to (pros) him (auton), and so (hōste) he was embarking (embanta) into (eis) a ship (ploion) to cause himself to sit down (kathēsthai).


And (kai) the (ho) crowd (ochlos), everyone (pas), had stood (heistēkei) upon (epi) the (ton) shore (aigialon).


13:3 And (kai) he spoke (elalēsen) to them (autois) many things (polla) in (en) parables (parabolais), saying (legōn), “Behold (idou), the one (ho) sowing (speirōn) the (tou) [land] came out (exēlthen) to sow (speirein).


13:4 And (kai) in (en) the (tō) [time] of him (auton) to sow (speirein), truly (men) [there were] some which (ha) fell (epesen) alongside (para) the (tēn) way (hodon)


(See verse 19)


And (kai) the (ta) flying animals (peteina) having come (elthonta), they devoured (katephagen) them (auta).


13:5 But (de) other ones (alla) fell (epesen) upon (epi) the (ta) stony places (petrōdē), where (hopou) it was absolutely not having (ouk eichen) much (pollēn) soil (gēn)!


And (kai) straightaway (eutheōs) it rose up out (exaneteilen), through (dia) [the sake] of the (to) soil (gēs) not (mē) to have (echein) depth (bathos).


13:6 But (de) [the] sun (hēliou) having rose up (anateilantos), it was burned (ekaumatisthē);


and (kai) through (dia) [the sake] of the (to) [seed] not (mē) to have (echein) a root (rhizan) it was dried out (exēranthē).


13:7 But (de) others (alla) fell (epesen) upon (epi) the (tas) thorns (akanthas), and (kai) the (hai) thorns (akanthai) came up (anebēsan) and (kai) choked (epnixan) them (auta).


13:8 But (de) others (alla) fell (epesen) upon (epi) the (tēn) soil (gēn), the (tēn) beautiful (kalēn) [soil], and (kai) [the soil] was giving (edidou) produce (karpon).


Truly (men), the one (ho) [was giving] a hundred (hekaton)!


But (de) the (ho) [other was giving] sixty (hexēkonta).


But (de) the (ho) [other was giving] thirty (triakonta).


13:9 The one (ho) having (echōn) ears (ōta), hear (akouetō)!”


13:10 And (kai) having come toward (proselthontes) [him], the (hoi) disciples (mathētai) enunciated (eipan) to him (autō), “Through (dia) [the sake] of what (ti) do you speak (laleis) to them (autois) in (en) parables (parabolais)?”


13:11 But (de) the (ho) [Jesus] having been caused to make a decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen) to them (autois), “Because (hoti) it has been given (dedotai) to you (humin) to know (gnōnai) the (ta) mysteries (musteria) of the (tēs) Kingdom932 (basileias) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn).


But (de) to those (ekeinois) it has absolutely not been given (ou dedotai)!


13:12 Because (gar) one who (hostis) has (echei), to him (autō) shall be given (dothēsetai), and (kai) he shall be caused to abound (perisseuthēsetai).


But (de) one who (hostis) absolutely does not have (ouk echei), that which (ho) also (kai) he has (echei) shall be removed (arthēsetai) from (ap’) him (autou)!


13:13 Through (dia) this (touto) I speak (lalō) to them (autois) in (en) parables (parabolais);


because (hoti) they being ones seeing (blepontes), they absolutely do not see (ou blepousin) [them]! 


And (kai) they being ones hearing (akouontes), they absolutely do not hear (ouk akouousin) [them], but absolutely nor (oude) do they put [them] together (suniousin)!


13:14 And (kai) to them (autois) the (hē) prophecy (prophēteia) of Isaiah (Hsaiou) is filled up (anaplēroutai), the one (hē) saying (legousa), ‘You shall hear (akousete) a thing heard (akoē), and (kai) no (mē), absolutely not (ou) might you put it together (sunēte)!


And (kai) you being ones seeing (blepontes), you shall look at (blepsete) [it] and (kai) no (mē), absolutely not (ou) might you see (idēte) [it]!


13:15 Because (gar) the (hē) heart (kardia) of the (tou) people (laou) of this (toutou) was made thick3975 (epachunthē);


and (kai) the (tois) ears (ōsin) heard (ēkousan) weightily (bareōs);


and (kai) the (tous) eyes (ophthalmous) of them (autōn) are closed down (ekammusan).


At no time (mēpote) might the (tois) eyes (ophthalmois) [of them] see (idōsin), and (kai) might the (tois) ears (ōsin) [of them] hear (akousōsin), and (kai) might the (tē) heart (kardia) [of them] put it together (sunōsin), and (kai) they might turn back (epistrepsōsin) and (kai) I shall cause Myself to heal (iasomai) them (autous)!’


(See Isaiah 6:9-10; Mat. 13:14-15; Acts 28:26-27)


13:16 But (de) the (hoi) eyes (ophthalmoi) of you (humōn) [are] happy ones (makarioi) because (hoti) they see (blepousin), and (kai) the (ta) ears (ōta) of you (humōn) [are happy ones] because (hoti) they hear (akouousin).


13:17 Because (gar) truly (amēn) I say (legō) to you (humin), that (hoti) many (polloi) prophets (prophētai) and (kai) righteous ones (dikaioi) lusted (epethumēsan) to see (idein) things which (ha) you look at (blepete), and (kai) they absolutely did not see (ouk eidan) [them];


and (kai) to hear (akousai) things which (ha) you hear (akouete), and (kai) they absolutely did not hear (ouk ēkousan) [them]!


13:18 Therefore (oun) you (humeis) hear (akousate) the (tēn) parable (parabolēn) of the (tou) [the Word] having been sown (speirantos).


13:19 Of anyone (pantos) hearing (akouontos) the (ton) Word (logon) of the (tēs) Kingdom932 (basileias) and (kai) not putting [it] together (mē sunientos), the (ho) evil one (ponēros) causes himself to come (erchetai)

and (kai) he snatches (harpazei) the (to) [Word] having been sown (esparmenon) in (en) the (tē) heart (kardia) of him (autou).


This one (houtos) is (estin) the (ho) [Word] having been sown (spareis) alongside (para) the (tēn) way (hodon)


See verses 3-4


(For the devil, the *god of this cosmos, coming to steal, kill, and destroy the assembly (ekklēsia), the one body of Christ, and all mortalkind, to cause them to wander away from the one true God and His Word, see Mat. 6:13, 13:19; Mark 1:13a, 4:15, 13:5-6; Luke 13:16, 21:8, 22:3, 31; John 8:44, 10:10a, 13:27; Acts 5:3; 1 Cor. 7:5, 31b; 2 Cor. 2:11, *4:4, 11:13-15; Gal. 1:4; Eph. 4:11-14, 6:11-16; 1 Thes. 2:17-18; 2 Thes. 2:7-12; 1 Tim. 4:1-2, 5:13-15; 2 Tim. 3:13; 1 John 3:11-13, 4:1-6, 5:19; 2 John 1:7; Rev. 2:9, 12-15, 20, 12:7-17; 13:14, 18:21-23, 19:20, 20:3-10)


13:20 But (de) the (ho) [Word] having been sown (spareis) upon (epi) the (ta) stony places (petrōdē), this one (houtos) is (estin) the one (ho) hearing (akouōn) the (ton) Word (logon) and (kai) straightaway (euthus) receiving (lambanōn) it (auton) with (meta) joy (charas);


13:21 But (de) he absolutely does not have (ouk echei) a root (rhiza) in (en) to himself (heautō), BUT (alla), he is (estin) [taking it] for a time (proskairos)!  


But (de) something of mental pressure having caused itself to come (genomenēs thlipseōs), or (ē) a pursuit (diōgmou) [of him] through (dia) [the sake] of the (ton) Word (logon), straightaway (euthus) he is scandalized (skandalizetai)!


13:22 But (de) the (ho) [Word] having been sown (spareis) into (eis) the (tas) thorns (akanthas), this one (houtos) is (estin) the one (ho) hearing (akouōn) the (ton) Word (logon).


And (kai) the (hē) worry (merimna) of the (tou) age (aiōnos), and (kai) the (hē) deceitfulness (apatē) of the (tou) wealth (ploutou) together choke (sumpnigei) the (ton) Word (logon), and (kai) it is caused to become (ginetai) unproductive (akarpos).


13:23 But (de) the (ho) [Word] being sown (stareis) upon (epi) the (tēn) beautiful (kalēn) soil (gēn), this one (houtos) is (estin) the one (ho) hearing (akouōn) and (kai) putting together (sunieis) the (ton) Word (logon), one who (hos) by all means (dē) brings forth produce (karpophorei).


And (kai), truly (men), the one (ho) does (poiei) a hundred (hekaton)!


But (de) the one (ho) [does] sixty (hexekonta).


But (de) the one (ho) [does] thirty (triakonta).


A Mortal Having Sown Beautiful Seed


13:24 He passed along (parethēken) another (allēn) parable (parabolēn) to them (autois), saying (legōn), A mortal (anthrōpō) having sown (speiranti) beautiful (kalon) seed (sperma) in (en) the (tō) field (agro) of Him (autou) was made a likeness (hōmoiōthē) to the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn).


13:25 But (de) in (en) the (tō) [time] the (tous) mortals (anthrōpous) were down to sleep (katheudein) the (ho) hated one (echthros) of Him (autou) came (ēlthen) and (kai) sowed Zizania over (epespeiren Zizania) [it], up (ana) [in the] midst (meson) of the (tou) grain (sitou), and (kai) went away (apēlthen).


13:26 But (de) when (hote) the (ho) pasturage (chortos) sprouted (eblastēsen) and (kai) made (epoiēsen) produce (karpon), then (tote) the (ta) Zizania (Zizania) was shown (ephanē) also (kai).


13:27 But (de) the (hoi) slaves (douloi) of the (tou) house master (oikodespotou) having come toward (proselthontes) [Him], they enunciated (eipon) to Him (autō), ‘Lord (kurie), did you absolutely not sow (ouchi espeiras) beautiful (kalon) seed (sperma) in (en) to the (tō) field (agrō) to you (sō)?


Therefore (oun) from where (pothen) does it have (echei) Zizania (Zizania)!?’


13:28 But (de) the (ho) [house master, v27] shed light5346 (ephē) to them (autois), ‘A mortal (anthrōpos), a hated one (echthros), did (epoiēsen) this (touto).’


But (de) the (hoi) slaves (douloi) say (legousin) to Him (autō), ‘Therefore (oun) having gone away (apelthontes) do you desire (theleis) [that] we may collect them together (sullexōmen auta)?’


13:29 But (de) the (ho) [house master, v27] shed light5346 (phēsin), ‘Absolutely not (ou), at no time (mēpote)!


You ones collecting together (sullegontes) the (ta) Zizania (Zizania) may root out (ekrizōsēte) at the same time (hama) the (ton) grain (siton) [with] them (autois)!


13:30 Let go (aphete) of both (amphotera) to grow together (sunauxanesthai) until (heōs) the (tou) harvest (therismou). 


And (kai) in (en) time (kairō) of the (tou) harvest (therismou) I shall state (erō) to the (tois) harvesters (theristais),Collect together (sullexate) first (prōton) the (ta) Zizania (Zizania), and (kai) bind (dēsate) them (auta) into (eis) bundles (desmas) toward (pros) the (to) [fire] to burn them down (katakausai auta)


But (de) of the (ton) grain (siton), bring [it] together (sunagagete) into (eis) the (tēn) apothecary (apothēkēn) of Me (mou).’


A Kernel Of A Mustard Tree


13:31 He passed along (parethēken) another (allēn) parable (parabolēn) to them (autois), saying (legōn), A kernel (kokkō) of a mustard tree (sinapeōs) is (estin) one like (homoia) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn);


of which (hon) a mortal (anthrōpos) having taken (labōn) [it] he sowed (espeiren) [it] in (en) the (tō) field (agrō) of him (autou);


13:32 which (ho) [kernel, v31], truly (men), is (estin) a micro one (mikroteron) of all (pantōn) of the (tōn) seeds (spermatōn)!


But (de) perhaps when (hotan) it may be caused to grow (auxēthē) it is (estin) a greater one (meizon) of the (tōn) cultivated plants (lachanōn), and (kai) it causes itself to become (ginetai) a tree (dendron);


and so (hōste) the (ta) flying animals (peteina) of the (tou) heaven (ouranou) [are] to come (elthein) and (kai) to tent down (kataskēnoun) in (en) to the (tois) branches (kladois) of it (autou).”




13:33 He spoke (elalēsen) to them (autois) another (allēn) parable (parabolēn): Leaven (zumē) is (en) one like (homoia) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn);


of which (hēn) a female (gunē) having taken (labousa) [it] she hid [it] in (enekrupsen) into (eis) three (tria) dry measures (sata) of a grind (aleurou), until (heōs) of which (hou) [the] whole (holon) [grind] was leavened (ezumōthē)!”


13:34 The (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) spoke (elalēsan) all (panta) these things (tauta) in (en) parables (parabolais) to the (tois) crowds (ochlois).


And (kai) apart from (chōris) a parable (parabolēs) absolutely not once (ouden) was he speaking (elalei) to them (autois)!


13:35 It so being that (hopōs) the (to) [prophecy, AE] may be fulfilled (plērōthē) having been stated (rhēthen) through (dia) the (tou) prophet (prophētou) saying (legontos), “I shall open up (anoixō) the (to) mouth (stoma) of me (mou) in (en) to parables (parabolais);


I shall cause myself to regurgitate (ereuxomai) things having been hidden (kekrummena) from (apo) [the] throw-down (katabolēs) of [the] cosmos (kosmou).”


(See Psalm 78:2)


13:36 Then (tote) having let go (apheis) the (tous) crowds (ochlous), Jesus (Iēsous) went (ēlthen) into (eis) the (tēn) house (oikian).


And (kai) the (hoi) disciples (mathētai) of him (autou) came toward (prosēlthon) him (autō), saying (legontes), “Make thoroughly clear (diasaphēson) to us (hēmin) the (tēn) parable (parabolēn) of the (tou) Zizania (Zizaniōn) of the (tou) field (agrou)!


13:37 But (de) he (ho) [Jesus] having been caused to make a decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen), “The one (ho) sowing (speirōn) the (to) beautiful (kalon) seed (sperma) is (estin) the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthropou).


13:38 But (de) the (ho) field (agros) is (estin) the (ho) cosmos (kosmos)


But (de) the (ho) beautiful (kalon) seed (sperma), these ones (houtoi) are (eisin) the (hoi) sons (huioi) of the (tēs) Kingdom932 (basileias)


But (de) the (ta) Zizania (Zizania) are (eisin) the (hoi) sons (huioi) of the (tou) evil (ponērou) [one].


13:39 But (de) the (ho) hated one (echthros), the one (ho) having sown (speiras) them (auta), is (estin) the (ho) diabolical one (diabolos).  


But (de) the (ho) harvest (therismos) is (estin) [the] complete coming together (sunteleia) [of the] age (aiōnos)


But (de) the (hoi) harvesters (theristai) are (eisin) messengers (angeloi).


13:40 Therefore (oun) so be it as (hōsper) the (ta) Zizania (Zizanion) are collected together (sullegetai) down (kata) to fire (puri) also (kai), thusly (houtōs) shall it cause itself to be (estai) in (en) the (tē) complete coming together (sunteleia) of the (tou) age (aiōnos).


13:41 The (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) shall send (apostelei) the (tous) messengers (angelous) of him (autou), and (kai) they shall collect together (sullexousin) out (ek) of the (tēs) Kingdom932 (basileias) of him (autou) all (panta) of the (ta) scandalous ones (skandala), and (kai) the ones (tous) doing (poiountas) the (tēn) lawlessness (anomian).


13:42 And (kai) they shall throw (balousin) them (autous) into (eis) the (tēn) furnace (kaminon) of the (tou) fire (puri).


There (ekei) the (ho) wailing (klauthmos), and (kai) the (ho) grinding (brugmos) of the (tōn) teeth (odontōn) shall cause itself to be (estai).


13:43 Then (tote) the (hoi) righteous ones (dikaioi) shall shine out (eklampsousin) as (hōs) the (ho) sun (hēlios) in (en) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tou) Father (patros) of them (autōn).  


The one (ho) having (echōn) ears (ōta), hear (akouetō).


(For Jesus’ kingdom see Mat. 13:37-43; 1 Cor. 15:24-28; Eph. 1:19-23; Heb. 2:5-8)


A Treasure


13:44 A treasure (thēsaurō) having been hidden (kekrummenō) in (en) the (tō) field (agrō) is (estin) one like (homoia) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn);


of which (hon) a mortal (anthrōpos) having found (heurōn) [it], he hid (ekrupsen) [it]. 


And (kai) from (apo) the (tēs) joy (charas) of him (autou) he gets underway (hupagei) and (kai) sells (pōlei) all (panta), as many things as (hosa) he has (echei), and (kai) he goes to market to buy (agorazei) the (ton) field (agron) of that (ekeinon)!


A Pearl


13:45 Again (palin), a mortal (anthrōpō) is (estin) one like (homoia) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn);


a merchant (emporō) searching (zētounti) for beautiful (kalous) pearls (margaritas).


13:46 But (de) he having found (heurōn) one (hen) much esteemed (polutimon) pearl (margaritēn), having gone away (apelthōn) he sold (pepraken) all (panta), as many things as (hosa) he was having (eichen), and (kai) he went to market to buy (ēgorasen) it (auton).


A Net Full Of Fish


13:47 Again (palin), a dragnet (sagēnē) is (estin) one like (homoia) for the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn);


it having been thrown (blētheisē) into (eis) the (tēn) sea (thalassan), and (kai) it having brought together (sunagagousē) out (ek) of every (pantos) genus (genous);


13:48 which (hēn), when (hote) it was filled (eplērōthē), they having gone up (anabibasantes) upon (epi) the (ton) shore (aigialon) and (kai) having sat down (kathisantes), they collected together (sunelexan) the (ta) beautiful ones (kala) into (eis) jars (angē), but (de) the (ta) rotten ones (sapra) they threw (ebalon) out (exō).


13:49 Thusly (houtōs) shall it cause itself to be (estai) in (en) the (tē) complete coming together (sunteleia) of the (tou) age (aiōnos).


The (hoi) messengers (angeloi) shall cause themselves to come out (exeleusontai), and (kai) they shall segregate away (aphoriousin) the (tous) evil ones (ponērous) out (ek) [of the] midst (mesou) of the (tōn) righteous ones (dikaiōn),


13:50 and (kai) they shall throw (balousin) them (autous) into (eis) the (tēn) furnace (kaminon) of the (tou) fire (puros).


There (ekei) the (ho) wailing (klauthmos), and (kai) the (ho) grinding (brugmos) of the (tōn) teeth (odontōn) shall cause itself to be (estai).”


13:51 “Have you put together (sunēkate) all (panta) these things (tauta)?”


They say (legousin) to him (autō), “Yes” (nai).


A Writer


13:52 But (de) he (ho) enunciated (eipen) to them (autois), “Through (dia) this (touto), everyone (pas), a writer (grammateus) having been made a disciple (mathēteutheis) to the (tē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn), he is (estin) one like (homoios) a mortal (anthrōpō), a house master (oikodespotē), someone who (hostis) out (ek) of the (tou) treasure (thēsaurou) of him (autou) throws out (ekballei) new things (kaina) and (kai) old things (palaia).”


13:53 And (kai) he caused it to come to pass (egeneto) when (hote) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) completed (etelesen) these (tautas) parables (parabolas), he lifted it (metēren) from there (ekeithen).


13:54 And (kai) having come (elthōn) into (eis) the (tēn) fatherland (patrida) of him (autou) he was teaching (edidasken) them (autous) in (en) the (tē) synagogue (sunagōgē) of them (autōn), and so (hōste) for them (autous) to be knocked out1605 (ekplēssesthai);


and (kai) [for them] to say (legein), “From where (pothen) [came] to this one (toutō) the (hē) wisdom (sophia) of this (hautē), and (kai) the (hai) inherently powered works (dunameis)?”


13:55 Is (estin) this one (houtos) absolutely not (ouch) the (ho) son (huios) of the (tou) woodworker (tektonos)!?


[Is this] absolutely not (ouch) the (hē) mother (mētēr) of him (autou), said (legetai) [to be] Mariam (Mariam), and (kai) the (hoi) brothers (adelphoi) of him (autou) - James (Iakōbos), and (kai) Joses (Iōsēph), and (kai) Simon (Simōn), and (kai) Judas (Ioudas)!?


13:56 And (kai) the (hai) sisters (adelphai) of him (autou), are they (eisin) absolutely not (ouchi) all (pasai) toward (pros) us (hēmas)!?


Therefore (oun) from where (pothen) [came] all (panta) these things (tauta) to this one (tauta)?


13:57 And (kai) they were being scandalized (eskandalizonto) in (en) him (autō).


But (de) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen) to them (autois), “A prophet (prophētēs) is (estin) absolutely not (ouk) unesteemed (atimos), if (ei) not (mē) in (en) the (tē) fatherland (patridi), and (kai) in (en) the (tē) house (oikia) of him (autou)!”


13:58 And (kai) he did absolutely not (ouk epoiēsen) many (pollas) inherently powered works (dunameis) there (ekei) through (dia) the (tēn) unbelief (apistian) of them (autōn)!