Literal Idiomatic Translation
    Home   Translation Page

 

ACTS

 

Chapter 2

 

2:1 And (kai) in (en) the (tō) [day] to be fulfilled (sumplērousthai), the (tēn) day (hēmeran) of the (tēs) Pentecost (pentēkostēs), [the apostles] were being (ēsan) all (pantes) alike (homou) upon (epi) the (to) [day] of it (auto).

 

2:2 And (kai) an echo (ēchos) unexpectedly (aphnō) caused itself to become (egeneto) out (ek) of the (tou) heaven (ouranou), so be it as (hōsper) of a violent (biaias) bearing (pheromenēs) breath (pnoēs).

 

And (kai) it filled (eplērōsen) the (ton) whole (holon) house (oikon) where (hou) they were being (ēsan) ones causing themselves to sit down (kathēmenoi)

 

(See John 20:21-22)

 

2:3 And (kai) [the apostles] were caused to gaze at (ōphthēsan) tongues (glōssai) being thoroughly divided (diamerizomenai) to them (autois), [tongues] as if (hōsei) of fire (puros).

 

And (kai) [a tongue] sat down (ekathisen) upon (eph’) each (hekaston) one (hena) of them (autōn).

 

2:4 And (kai) all (pantes) were filled (eplēsthēsan) of holy (hagiou) Spirit (pneumatos).

 

And (kai) they caused themselves to start (ērxanto) to speak (lalein) tongues (glōssais), ones of another kind (heterais), down as (kathos) the (to) Spirit (pneuma) was giving (edidou) to them (autois) to utter away apothegms669 (apophthengesthai).

 

2:5 But (de) there were being (ēsan) into (eis) Jerusalem (Hierousalēm) Judeans (Ioudaioi) homing-down (katoikountes), well-received (eulabeis) males (andres) from (apo) every (pantos) ethnic group (ethnous) of the ones (tōn) under (hupo) the (to) heaven (ouranon).

 

2:6 But (de) the (tēs) sound (phōnēs) of this (tautēs) having caused itself to come to pass (genomenēs), the (to) plethora (plēthos) came together (sunēlthen), and (kai) [holy Spirit] was poured in together with4797 (sunechuthē) [them];

 

because (hoti), of them (autōn) speaking (lalountōn) they were hearing (ēkouon), each (hekastos) one (heis), the (tē) dialect (dialektō) [being] his own (idia)!

 

2:7 But (de) all (pantes) were causing themselves to be ecstatic (existanto).

 

And (kai) they were being amazed (ethaumazon), saying (legontes), “Behold (idou), are (eisin) absolutely not (ouch) absolutely all (hapantes) these (houtoi), the ones (hoi) speaking (lalountes), Galileans (Galilaioi)!?

 

2:8 And (kai) how (pōs) do we (hēmeis) hear (akouomen), each one (hekastos) [of us], the (tē) own (idia) dialect (dialektō) of us (hēmōn) in (en) which (hē) we were generated (egennēthēmen)?

 

2:9 Parthians (Parthoi), and (kai) Medes (Mēdoi), and (kai) Elamites (Elamitai), and (kai) the ones (hoi) homing-down (katoikountes) the (tēn) Mesopotamia (Mesopotamian);

 

[homing-down] both (te) Judea (Ioudaian) and (kai) Cappadocia (Kappadokian), Pontus (Ponton) and (kai) of the (tēn) Asia (asian);

 

2:10 [homing-down] both (te) Phrygia (Phrugian) and (kai) Pamphylia (Pamphulian), Egypt (Aigupton) and (kai) the (ta) parts (merē) of the (tēs) Libya (Libuēs), of the (tēs) [parts] down (kata) Cyrene (Kurēnēn), and (kai) the (hoi) Roman (Rōmaioi) bands of us staying over (epidēmountes);

 

2:11 and (te) Judean (Ioudaioi) proselytes (prosēlutoi) also (kai), Cretes (Krētes) and (kai) Arabs (Arabes);

 

we hear (akouomen) them (autōn) speaking (lalountōn) [in] the (tais) tongues (glossais) to ours (hēmeterais), the (ta) great things (megaleia) of the (tou) God (theou)!”

 

(For the normal and common practice of the church to speak in tongues to pray to God, see Mark 16:17; Acts 2:4-11, 10:46, 19:6; Rom. 8:26-27; 1 Cor. 12:3, 30, 13:1, 14:2-28, 39; Eph. 6:18; Col. 4:3; Jude 1:20)

 

2:12 But (de) all (pantes) were causing themselves to be ecstatic (existanto)!

 

And (kai) they were being thoroughly perplexed (diēporoun), saying (legontes) another (allon) to (pros) another (allos), “What (ti) does this (touto) desire (thelei) to be (einai)?”

 

2:13 But (de) ones of another kind (heteroi), ones thoroughly jeering (diachleuazontes), they were saying (elegon) that (hoti), “They are (eisin) ones having been filled (memestōmenoi) of sweet wine (gleukous)!”

 

2:14 But (de) the (ho) Peter (Petros) having been caused to stand (statheis), together with (sun) the (tois) eleven (hendeka), he lifted up (epēren) the (tēn) voice (phōnēn) of him (autou) and (kai) caused himself to utter away an apothegm669 (apephthenxato) to them (autois),

 

“Males (andres), Judeans (Ioudaioi), and (kai) all (pantes) the ones (hoi) homing-down (katoikountes) Jerusalem (Hierousalēm), let be (estō) known (gnōston) this (touto) to you (humin), and (kai) cause yourselves to ear-in (enōtisasthe) the (ta) statements (rhēmata) of me (mou):

 

2:15 because (gar) these ones (houtoi) are absolutely not drunk (ou methuousin) as (hōs) you (humeis) undertake it (hupolambanete), because (gar) it is (estin) [the] third (tritē) hour (hōra) of the (tēs) day (hēmeras)!

 

2:16 BUT (alla), this (touto) is (estin) the (to) [statement] having been stated (eirēmenon) through (dia) the (tou) prophet (prophētou) Joel (iōēl)!,

 

2:17 and (kai) He shall cause Himself  to be (estai) in (en) the (tais) last (eschatais) days (hēmerais), says (legei) the (ho) God (theos), “I shall pour out (ekcheō) from (apo) the (tou) Spirit (pneumatos) of Me (mou) upon (epi) all (pasan) flesh (sarka);

 

and (kai) the (hoi) sons (huioi) of you (humōn) and (kai) the (hai) daughters (thugateres) of you (humōn) shall prophesy (prosphēteusousin);  (note active voice verb)

 

and (kai) the (hoi) young ones (neaniskoi) of you (humōn) shall cause themselves to gaze at (opsontai) visions (horaseis);  (note middle voice verb)

 

and (kai) the (hoi) elders (presbuteroi) of you (humōn) shall be caused to dream (enupnaisthēsontai) dreams (enupnia) (note passive voice verb)

 

2:18 and (kai) even (ge) upon (epi) the (tous) slaves (doulous) of Me (mou), and (kai) upon (epi) the (tas) female slaves (doulas) of Me (mou), in (en) the (tais) days (hēmerais) for those things (ekeinais), I shall pour out (ekcheō) from (apo) the (tou) Spirit (pneumatos) of Me (mou) and (kai) they shall prophesy (prophēteusousin).

 

(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, His new holy place under His new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as His new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with His own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)

 

2:19 And (kai) I shall give (dōsō) wonders (terata) in (en) the (tō) heaven (ouranō) up high (anō), and (kai) signs (sēmeia) upon (epi) the (tēs) land (gēs) down below (katō):

 

blood (haima), and (kai) fire (pur), and (kai) a mist (atmida) of smoke (kapnou);

 

2:20 the (ho) sun (hēlios) shall be turned together (metastraphēsetai) into (eis) darkness (skotos), and (kai) the (hē) bright moon (selēnē) into (eis) blood (haima).

 

[These are] to come (elthein) before (prin) the (tēn) great (megalēn) and (kai) conspicuous (epiphanē) day (hēmeran) of [the] lord (kuriou).

 

2:21 And (kai) it shall cause itself to be (estai), perhaps (an) everyone (pas), one who (hos) may cause himself to call aloud upon (epikalesētai) the (to) name (onoma) of [the] lord (kuriou), he shall cause himself to be (estai) made whole (sōthēsetai)!”

 

(For the promise of the Father, of God Himself placing Himself into believers to live in them, see Joel 2:28-29; Mat. 3:11; Luke 24:49; John 7:37-39; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-21, 33, 39, 20:28; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 3:6; 1 Thes. 5:9-11; 2 Thes. 2:13-14; Heb. 9:11-15, 10:36-39; 1 Pet. 2:4-9)

 

2:22 Males (andres), Israelites (israēlitai), hear (akousate) the (tous) words (logous) of these (toutous)

 

Jesus (Iēsoun) the (ton) Nazarene (nazōraion) [was] a male (andra) having been pointed out (apodedeigmenon) from (apo) the (tou) God (theou) into (eis) you (humas).

 

Inherently powered works (dunamesin), and (kai) wonders (terasin), and (kai) signs (sēmeiois) which (hois) the (ho) God (theos) did (epoiēsen) through (di’) him (autou) in (en) [the] midst (mesō) of you (humōn), down according to as (kathōs) you have seen (oidate) yourselves (autoi)!

 

(For God making Jesus Christ His domicile, and He subsequently working IN and THROUGH Jesus Christ as His mortal agent in this cosmos, see *Mat. 9:8; Mark 6:5; Luke 5:17, 7:16; John 3:2, 5:19-20, 8:16, *29, 9:33, *10:38, *14:10-11, *16-20, 28, 16:32b; *Acts 2:22, 10:38; *2 Cor. 5:18-19; Eph. 3:16-19, 4:6; *Col. 1:19-20, 2:9; 1 John 5:20)

 

2:23 This one (touton) having been segregated (hōrismenē) [through] the (tē) counsel (boulē) and (kai) prognosis (prognosei) of the (tou) God (theou), [being] a given out one (ekdoton), through (dia) [the] hand (cheiron) of lawless ones (anomōn) you annihilated (aneilete), having pegged4362 (prospēxantes) [him];

 

2:24 whom (hon) the (ho) God (theos) stood up (anestesen), He having let loose (lusas) the (tas) pains (ōdinas) of the (tou) death (thanatou);

 

because (kathoti) [death] was absolutely not being (ouk ēn) inherently powered (dunaton) for him (auton) to be powerfully held (krateisthai) under (hup’) it (autou)!

 

2:25 Because (gar) David (Dauid) says (legei), [being] into (eis) him (auton), "I was causing myself to gaze before at (proorōmēn) the (ton) lord (kurion) in sight (enōpion) of me (mou), through (dia) everything (pantos), because (hoti) he is (estin) out (ek) right (dexiōn) of me (mou), in order that (hina) I may not be shaken (mē saleuthō).

 

2:26 Through (dia) this (touto) the (hē) heart (kardia) of me (mou) was well pleased (ēuphranthē), and (kai) the (hē) tongue (glōssa) of me (mou) caused itself to jump for joy (ēgalliasato)

 

'But (de) yet (eti), the (hē) flesh (sarx) of me (mou) shall tent down (kataskēnōsei) over (ep’) hope (elpidi) also (kai),

 

2:27 because (hoti) you shall absolutely not leave down (ouk enkataleipseis) into (eis) a grave (hadēn) the (tēn) soul (psuchēn) of me (mou)!

 

But (de) you shall absolutely not give (ou dōseis) the (ton) hollowed one (hosion) of you (sou) to see (idein) a thorough disintegration (diaphthoran)!

 

2:28 You made known (egnōrisas) to me (moi) ways (hodous) of life (zōēs)

 

You shall fill me full (plērōseis me) of well-mindedness (euphrosunēs) with (meta) the (tou) face (prosōpou) of you (sou)!'"

 

(See Acts 2:25-28; Psalm 16:8-11)

 

2:29 Males (andres), brothers (adelphoi), is it being outside (exon) [of the law] to enunciate (eipein) to (pros) you (humas) with (meta) boldness (parrēsias) about (peri) the (tou) patriarch (patriarchou) David (Dauid), that (hoti) he came to an end (eteleutēsen) also (kai), and (kai) he was buried (etaphē);

 

and (kai) the (to) memorial (mnēma) of him (autou) is (estin) among (en) us (hēmin) until (achri) the (tēs) day (hēmeras) of this (tautēs)?

 

2:30 Therefore (oun), he beginning to be a subordinate one (huparchōn), a prophet (prophētēs), and (kai) he having seen (eidōs) that (hoti) the (ho) God (theos) swore (ōmosen) to him (autō) an oath (horkō), to sit down (kathisai) upon (epi) the (tou) throne (thronon) of him (autou) a production (karpou) out (ek) of the (tēs) loin (osphuos) of him (autou),

 

2:31 he having gazed before at (proidōn) [the oath, v30], he spoke (elalēsen) about (peri) the (tēs) standing up (anastaseōs) of the (tou) Christ (Christou), that (hoti) he was absolutely not left down (oute egkateleiphthē) into (eis) a grave (hadēn), and the (hē) flesh (sarx) of him (autou) absolutely did not see (oute eiden) a thorough disintegration (diaphthoran)!

 

(For the oath of God, see 2 Sam. 7:12-16; Psalm 89)

 

2:32 This one (touton), the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun), the (ho) God (theos) stood up (anestēsen), of whom (hou) we (hēmeis) all (pantes) are (esmen) witnesses (martures)!

 

2:33 Therefore (oun) he having been set above5312 (hupsōtheis) to the (tē) right (dexia) of the (tou) God (theos), and (te) he having received (labōn) the (tēn) promise (epaggelian) of the (tou) Spirit (pneumatos), of the (tou) holy one (hagiou), alongside (para) of the (tou) Father (patros), he poured out (execheen) this (touto) which (ho) you (humeis) see (blepete) and (kai) hear (akouete)!

 

(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, His new holy place under His new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as His new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with His own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)

 

(See Mark 16:19; John 7:39, 13:32; Acts 2:33; Heb. 12:2; 1 Pet. 1:8)

 

2:34 Because (gar) David (Dauid) absolutely did not step up (ou anebē) into (eis) the (tous) heavens (ouranous), but (de) he (autos) says (legei), ‘The (ho) Lord (kurios) enunciated (eipen) to the (tō) lord (kuriō) of me (mou), “Cause yourself to sit down (kathou) out (ek) right (dexiōn) of Me (mou)

 

2:35 until (heōs) perhaps (an) I may put (thō) the (tous) hated ones (echthrous) of you (sou) [as] a footstool under (hupopodion) the (tōn) feet (podōn) of you (sou)!”

 

(For Christ Jesus' footstool, see Psalm 110:1; Mat. 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:43; Acts 2:35; *Rom. 16:20; 1 Cor. 15:25-28; Eph. 1:22; Heb. 1:13, 2:8, 10:13)

 

2:36 Therefore (oun) know (ginōsketō) securely (asphalōs), all (pas) the (ho) house (oikos) of Israel (Israēl), that (hoti) the (ho) God (theos) has made (epoiēsen) him (auton) both (kai) lord (kurion) and (kai) Christ (Christon), this one (touton), the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun) whom (hon) you (humeis) staked (estaurosate)!”

 

2:37 But (de) having heard (akosantes) [this] they were pierced down (katenugēsan) [into] the (tē) heart (kardia);

 

and (te) they enunciated (eipon) to (pros) the (ton) Peter (Petron) and (kai) the (tous) remaining (loitous) apostles (apostolous), “What (ti) may we do (poiēsōmen) males (andres), brothers (adelphoi)?

 

2:38 But (de) Peter (Petros) shed light5346 (phēsin) to (pros) them (autous), “Repent (metanoēsate), and (kai) be baptized (baptisthētō) each one (hekastos) of you (humōn) over (epi) the (tō) name (onomati) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), into (eis) a letting go (aphesin) of the (tōn) sins (hamartiōn) of you (humōn).

 

And (kai) you shall cause yourselves to receive (lēmpsesthe) the (tēn) gift (dōrean) of the (tou) holy (hagiou) Spirit (pneumatos)!

 

2:39  Because (gar) to you (humin) is (estin) the (hē) promise (epaggelia), and (kai) to the (tois) ones born (teknois) of you (humōn), and (kai) to all (pasin) the ones (tois) into (eis) distance (makran), perhaps (an) as many as (hosous) [the] Lord (kurios) may cause Himself to call aloud toward (proskalesētai) [Himself], the (ho) God (theos) of us (hēmōn)."

 

(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, His new holy place under His new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as His new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with His own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)

 

2:40 And (te) to ones of another kind (heterois) he caused himself to thoroughly witness (diemarturato) [with] many (pleiosin) words (logois);

 

and (kai) he was accosting (parekalei) them (autous), saying (legōn), “Be made whole (sōthēte) from (apo) the (tēs) crookedness (skolias) of the (tēs) generation (geneas) of this (tautēs)!”

 

2:41 Therefore (oun), truly (men), the ones (hoi) having caused themselves to receive from (apodexamenoi) the (ton) word (logon) of him (autou) were baptized (ebaptisthēsan)

 

And (kai) there were added to (prosetethēsan) in (en) the (tē) day (hēmera) of that (ekeinē) as if (hōsei) three thousand (trischiliai) souls (psuchai)!

 

2:42 But (de) they were being (ēsan) ones persevering forward (proskarterountes) in (en) to the (tē) orthodoxy (didachē) of the (tōn) apostles (apostolōn), and (kai) to the (tē) fellowship (koinonia) - to the (tē) breaking (klasei) of the (tou) bread (artou), and (kai) to the (tais) prayers of well-thankfulness toward4335 (proseuchais) [God].

 

2:43 But (de) for every (pasē) soul (psuchē) fear (phobos) was being caused to come to pass (egineto).

 

And (kai) many (polla) wonders (terata), and (kai) signs (sēmeia), were being caused to come to pass (egineto) through (dia) the (tōn) apostles (apostolōn).

 

2:44 But (de) all (pantes) the ones (hoi) believing (pisteuontes) were being (ēsan) upon (epi) the (to) same (auto) [place], and (kai) they were holding (eichon) absolutely all things (hapanta) common (koina).

 

2:45 And (kai) they were selling (epipraskon) the (ta) acquisitions (ktēmata) and (kai) the (tas) subsistence (huparxeis), and (kai) they were thoroughly dividing (diemerizon) them (auta) to all (pasin), because down on account of (kathoti) perhaps (an) anyone (tis) was having (eichen) a need (chreian).

 

2:46 And (te) down (kath’) [each] day (hēmeran) they were persevering forward (proskarterountes), like-passioned (homothumadon) in (en) the (tō) sacred place (hierō)

 

And (te) they breaking (klōntes) bread (arton) down (kat’) [each] house (oikon), they were partaking (metelambanon) of food (tropsēs) in (en) jumping for joy (agalliasei).

 

And (kai) [in] singleness of purpose (apselotēti) of heart (kardias)

 

2:47 they were praising (ainountes) the (ton) God (theon).

 

And (kai) they were holding (echontes) grace (charin) toward (pros) the (ton) whole (holos) people (laon)

 

But (de) the (ho) lord (kurios) was adding to (prosetithei) the ones (tous) being made whole (sōzomenous) down (kath’) [each] day (hēmeran), upon (epi) the (to) same (auto) [place].

 

(For the birth and growth of the assembly, of the one body of Christ, of the ones being added who believe upon the name of Jesus, see Acts 2:41, 47, 5:14)

 

(For where the lord was adding more to the ones being made whole, see Acts 2:46-47, in the sacred place and upon the same place, and Acts 5:12, in the colonnade of Solomon)